Bone Ship Models Worldwide
Updated and enlarged by Manfred Stein, 8 October 2022 (this list builds on data compiled by Lars Bruzelius, 1998)
Great Britain Number Remarks
Buckland Abbey several models
Barnstaple, Arlington Court, Devon 27 Collection of Ship Models
Bournemouth, Rothesay Museum 3
Bristol, City Museum several models
Beaulieu/Hampshire, Buckler's Hard Maritime Museum unknown number of models
Burton Art Gallery 2
Dartmouth. Maritime Museum 2
Dartmouth. Royal Naval College unknown number of models
Devon, Museum 2 several models, two of them representing HMS Britannia
Dover. Dover Corporation Museum 1 74 gun ship CESAR
Dumfries Museum, Dumfriesshire  1 French prisoners of war made this model of a 90 gun man-of-war 
Dundee. Broughty Castle Scrimshaw
Edinburgh. The Castle 3 ivory carver from Antwerp
Edinburgh. National Museum of Scotland 3 three models, one model built at Norman Cross, the other built at Greenlaw, now known as Glencorse, near Edinburgh; origin of the third model unknown 
Glasgow. Art Galleries and Museum 13 among others a french 50 gun frigate
Great Yarmouth. Maritime Museum for East Anglia 1
Greenock. McLean Museum 2
Greenwich, National Maritime Museum 15 HMS Prince of Wales (in Francis Abell)
Grimsby. Doughty Museum 10
Gunby Hall Estate, Lincolnshire 1 Model of a three-masted frigate carved out of bone by French prisoners of war at Norman Cross House, near Peterborough, c.1800. Contained in a glass fronted case of wood covered with straw parquetry. National Trust Inventory Number 637058
Hastings. Museum 1 10 inch model of frigate
Hertford. Hertford House unknown number of models
Hull. Municipal Museum 1 BOUNTY
Kings Lynn. The Lynn Museum Scrimshaw
Lewes, Sussex. Anne of Cleves' House 2 model of frigate and a 90-gun (1807) ship
Liverpool. Museum and Art Gallery 39 Information by Merseyside Maritime Museum (National Museums Liverpool) on 4 July 2013; models presently not on display
Liverpool. City Museum 1 74 gun ship 
London. Fishmonger's Hall unknown number of models
London. Royal Thames Yacht Club 3 model of a 100-gun ship
London. Science Museum 7 OCEAN (French 138-gun ship)
London, The Parker Gallery 1 98-gun ship (1785)
London. Trinity House 1 HMS FOUDROYANT
London. Victoria and Albert Museum unknown number of models
London. Watermen's Hall 1 the largest bone model in the world [?], it is 7 feet long, 104(1813), > 2m Länge
Launceston, Lawrence House Museum 1 French Officers were held at Lawrence House
Oxford. Pitt-Rivers Anthropological Museum several models
Reading Museum 1 On 25 October 1809, on the occasion of George III’s Golden Jubilee the remaining 200 Danish Prisoners-of-War were given their freedom. Sivert Ryberg, POW, presented this model to the Mayor of Reading. Base – 27 cm length, Base – 16.5 cm wide, Dome – 28.5 cm height.
Peebles. Chambers Institute Museum unknown number of models
Peterborough. Peterborough Museum 8 about six models; in addition 3 more models acc. to own photos
Plymouth City Museum and Art Gallery 8
Portsmouth. Royal Naval Museum 3 at least two models; acc. to Mondfeld 3 models
Rochester. Eastgate House Museum 2 100, 74-guns (latter model is considered by Freeston to be the most perfect bone model)
Snowshill Manor, Gloucestershire  1 Bone model of a ship on a tiered octagonal wooden stand. National Trust Inventory Number 1338954
South Shields. Museum 1 52-gun ship L'AMATONE
Southampton. Tudor House Museum 2 HMS TÉMÉRAIRE and fregate GLORY
Southampton. Wool House Maritime Museum unknown number of models
Southsea. Southsea Castle unknown number of models
Stromness. Orkney Natural History Museum unknown number of models
Treasurer's House, North Yorkshire 1 An early 19th century model of a fully rigged ship of the line, 132 gunner; a three-deck battleship, made by French prisoners of war. National Trust Inventory Number 592925
Truro. Corwall County Museum 1 circa 1850 French ship; scrimshaw
Winchester. College 1 FORMIDABLE, 1759
Whitby. Pannet Park Museum 4 50-, 64-, 74- and 100 gun ships 
Whitby/Yorkshire, Whitby Museum 2
Woburn, Bedfordshire. Woburn Abbey 1 98-gun ship NEPTUNE
Worthing, Sussex. Worthing Museum and Art Gallery 2 78-gun ship; model made in Dartmoor; plus 80(1806)
Total: 182  
Canada Halifax, NS, Museum of the Atlantic 1 74 gun ship with two gun decks, possibly built by French POWs housed in Halifax. Model at present in the process of being restored.
St John's, NL, Canada 1 A Napoleonic Prisoner-of-War Ship Model. The elaborately crafted miniature was created during the French and Napoleonic wars (1793-1815). Made of bone.
Vancouver Maritime Museum, Canada  1 Model of the ship 'Le Vengeur du Peuple', c.1798 (bone); made at Porchester Castle by French prisoners; 74-gun ship of the line lost in the first great battle of the French Revolution in 1794;
Port Colborne Historical and Marine Museum, Canada 1 model of a warship that was constructed of bone by a French prisoner-of-war during the Napoleonic Wars
Maritime Museum Victoria, British Columbia, Canada  1 first rate ship of the line, model was made from bone by a prisoner of war during one of the wars between England and France
Total: 5
France Paris. Le Museé de la Marine 2 90(1807)
Dieppe 1
Nantes, Musées du Chateau des Dics de Bretagne 1 16(1807) span. Cutter
Internet links 31
Le Havre Enchères 6 Collection Claude et Janine Vérité; Bone Ship Models: Lot 23, 24, 46, 47, 48, 54, 
Total: 41
Belgium Internet links 6
USA Annapolis, Maryland 11 eleven models (1971)
Boston, Mass. Museum of Fine Arts 1 HEROS, French 80-gun (1809) ship of the line; very similar to the OCEAN in the Science Museum
The Mariners' Museum and Park, Newport News, VA 3
Channel Islands Maritime Museum, Oxnard, CA, USA 5
Chicago/Illinois, Sammlung Arthur R. Sawers 1 80(1813) several bone ship models (Mondfeld)
Minnesota Marine Art Museum in Winona 1
Mystic, Conn., Marine Historical Association 1 a 90-98 gun British ship of the line
New York City, India House, Dining Club 1 ine detailed First rate warship with three gun decks
PORT EDWARD RESTAURANT, Algonquin, IL , USA 1 This beautiful ship model is a French Prisoner of War Bone Model, first rate ship of the line
Salem, Mass. Peabody Essex Museum 1 at least one model
Ship Shapes of Charleston 2 restored two "prisoner bone ships"
Private collector in Ocean Gate, NJ, USA
1 English Frigate with 36 cannon and figurehead. Needs restoration. Gun retraction mechanism (possible). Size (length): 44.5 cm.
Private collector in New York City, USA 1
Total: 30 A FINE PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A FIRSTCLASS SHIP-OF-THE LINE (104 guns), ENGLISH, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
Germany Berlin, DTMB 5
Brake, Schiffahrtsmuseum Unterweser 1
Bremerhaven, DSM 1
Hamburg, Altonaer Museum 5 at least five models
Hamburg, Museum für Hamburgische Geschichte 1 52-gun frigate (1785)
Hamburg, International Maritime Museum 33  
Bremen, private collection 1 Third rate of 64 guns (two-decker), French 74-gun ship
Hamburg, private collection 1 Ship of The Line, circa 1810, 114 guns, HMS "MARS"
Hamburg, private collection 3 L'Amerique, Third rate warship with 86 cannon, French Frigate, 48 cannon 
Hamburg, private collection 1 FOUDRYANT, a French two-decked ship of the line
Hamburg, private collection 2 50 Gun Frigate;  HMS MARS with original rigg 
Hamburg, private collection 1 very fine and detailed model
Hamburg, private collection 1 French Ship of the Line L‘ORIENT, 120 gun (Size: 60 x 45 cm)
Hamburg, private collection 1 Fourth rate warship with 58 cannon and a “pipe smoker” figurehead, made early-19th century. Size: 40 x 32 x 17 cm.
Hamburg, private collection 1 Third rate warship with 76 cannon and a warrior figurehead, made early-19th century. Size: 29 x 23 x 7 cm. 
Hamburg, private collection 1 English brig with 12 cannon and a figurehead, made early-19th century. Size: 48 x 49 cm. The model is rigged without an additional gaff-rigged spanker behind the mainsail.
Hamburg, private collection 1 Third rate British frigate with 58 cannon and a warrior figurehead, made early-19th century. 
Hamburg, private collection 1 HMS TEMERAIRE the Model measures 23 x 7 x 17 cm, the box 26.7 x 9.8 x 21.5 cm. 90 guns are mounted in the gun decks, and on the forecastle, quarterdeck, poop deck
Hamburg, private collection 1 The Model measures 36 x 10 x 26.5 cm. 26 guns are mounted in the gun deck, and on the forecastle, quarterdeck.
Hamburg, private collection 1 British Third rate warship, a typical 74er with 58 guns in two gun decks, equipment for guns on the quarterdeck (16), the forecastle (6) and the poop deck (6). 
Hamburg, private collection 6 Six bone ship models, of which 1 shows the French 'Robuste', and 2 models of the HMS Edgar
Hamburg, private collection 1
Hamburg, private collection 1 Frigate, 1 gun deck, 48 guns; monochrome figurehead of a female
Hamburg, private collection 1 Frigate, 1 gun deck, 50 guns; polychrome figurehead of a warrior
Hamburg, private collection 1 A  fine POW Bone Ship Model of an English Frigate with 50 cannon and figurehead. Gun retraction mechanism. Size: 32 x 22.5 x 7 cm; rigging and armament of the model was restored partly.
Hamburg, private collection 1 A FINE PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A FIRSTCLASS SHIP-OF-THE LINE (118 guns), ENGLISH/FRENCH, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, the pinned and planked hull with horn strakes, three masts with standing and running rigging, horse-shoe shaped stern with stern board carved decoration and balustrading, beakhead with carved female figurehead, deck with capstan, belaying rails, water barrels, ships bell in canopy, deck gratings and metal cannon on carriages, mounted on rectangular straw work base, on mahogany base under glass dome, the model 34cm (length), 13cm (width), 25 cm (height) , the display case 12 by 14in (30.5 by 35.5cm)
Provenance Langford Marine and hence to the present vendor (Bonhams, London, 11 November 2020).
Hamburg, private collection 1 In the meeting room of a big company in Hamburg, there is the Bone Ship Model of the French ship of the line JUPITER. JUPITER was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.
Hamburg, private collection 1 A POW Bone Ship Model of the British Second rate warship HMS Barfleur with 98 cannon, circa 1800.
Hamburg, private collection 1 A POW Bone Ship Model of a British First rate warship with 118 cannon, circa 1800.
Hamburg, private collection 1 A POW Bone Ship Model of the British 98-gun second rate ship of the line HMS Neptune, circa 1800.
Hamburg, private collection 1 A POW Bone Ship Model of the HMS Canopus, 80-guns, c. 1810
Düsseldorf, private collection 1 A POW Model of a British Third rate warship with 76 cannon (of which 28 and 30 guns are mounted in gun decks, armament on deck is missing).
Hamburg, offered to private collector 1
Private collector in South Germany  1 HMS ALCESTE,  75 cm in length, 56 cm in height; 48 guns; polychrome figurehead of a warrior
Private collector in South Germany  1 French Frigate "L'Amitié", 38 guns, length 38 cm, height 32 cm
München, Deutsches Museum 1 Third rate warship with two gun decks, 88 cannon and figurehead
Nürnberg, Germanisches Museum 1 84(1800) Originalzustand
Total: 85
Denmark Copenhagen. Rosenborgs Slot 1 model made by Danish prisoner-of-war and presented to Frederik VI
Royal Danish Naval Museum 1 Third rate warship with two gundecks, 84 cannon and a polychrome figurehead, made by Danish and Norwegian prisoners in Greenlaw near Edinburgh.
Hilleröd. Frederiksborg 1 model of a yacht made by Danish prisoner-of-war
Helsingör. Handels- og Sofartsmuseet pa Kronborg 1 LA DIANE, French frigate
Total: 4
Norway Norwegian Maritime Museum, Oslo 1
Total: 1
Switzerland Swiss Museum of Transport, Lucerne 4 3 frigates with 3 gun decks, 1 frigate with 2 gun decks
Total: 4
Italy Yacht Club Costa Smeralda, 07021 Porto Cervo (OT) 7 Seven bone ship models of different vessel types
Total: 7
Spain Madrid, private collection 1 A superb large French Napoleonic Prisoner of War work model of H.M.S ‘Temeraire’, a Royal Navy 98 Gun Second Rate Ship of the Line. With bone planked hull pinned to a wooden framework, baleen gunwales and turned brass cannon. The stern quarter gallery carved from a single piece of bone with name plate ‘Temeraire’. The balustrades attached a Royal Armourial of the Lion and Unicorn carved above.
The polychrome painted figurehead depicting the Roman God of War. Finely detailed elements including mica glazed lanterns in the rigging, buckets buoy’s and longboat rigged to the stern.
Mounted on an original decorative marquetry worked wooden base board with carved bone balustrading;
Circa 1805 – 1815
Size: 69cm high, 102cm long, 32.5cm deep - 27¼ ins high, 40 ins long, 12¾ ins deep / base: 6cm high, 87cm long, 26.5cm deep - 2¼ ins high, 34¼ ins long, 10½ ins deep

Total: 1
Greece
Hellenic Maritime Museum, Onassis’ collection 13 One model of Nelsons’ flagship, “Victory”, made from bone and under the same conditions as the other models was also added in the collection. This is an older donation to the Museum by A. Koumantareas in 1960. 
Naval Museum of Oinousses 32 Antonis S. Lemos unique personal collection of Napoleonic boats of 32 precious models made by Nelson’s French prisoners.
A.S. Onassis Foundation 2 Handaka Sophia (ed.): Aristotle Onassis: Beyond his Myth, ARIONA S.A., Benaki Museum, 2006, 207 pages, ISBN 960-89403-1-1, 960-8347-44-0
Total: 47
Turkey Private collector 1 Bone Ship Model of the French frigate Achille
New Zealand New Zealand Maritime Museum 1 A model of a frigate, carved from bone by French prisoners of war in England during the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815).
Australia Powerhouse Museum, Sydney NSW, Australia 1 Ship model in case, 72 gun French Frigate warship, possibly representing the 74 gun 'Le Heros', bone / wood / perspex, made by a Napoleonic prisoner-of-war, c. 1800
Argentina Museo Naval de la Nación, Buenos Aires 2 Bone Model of Santísima Trinidad and English frigate
Netherlands private collection 1 HMS LONDON
Overall-Total: 419
Gallery Vallejo Gallery, Newport Beach, California on sale 1
Vallejo Gallery, Newport Beach, California on archive, sold 36
Vallejo Gallery, Newport Beach, California 1 Napoleonic Miniature Prisoner Of War Bone Model of HMS CAPTAIN (Third Rate Ship of 74 Guns)
Vallejo Gallery, Newport Beach, California 1 Napoleonic Prisoner-Of-War Bone Warship Model HMS CONQUEROR, (Third Rate of 78-Guns)
Antiques Storehouse,Portsmouth, Hampshire,UK 1
Trevor Philip & Sons, St. James's, London  6
American Marine Model Gallery, Gloucester, MA 9
Finch & Co, Antiques & Works of Art, London, sold 2
Art Gallery of Ontario/Musée des beaux-arts de l’Ontario 1
Sinai and Sons, London 1
GALERIE DELALANDE, Paris, France on sale 4
GALERIE DELALANDE, Paris, France on archive, sold 19
Internet, Auctions:
ship_10 Scottish 1
ship_11 1
ship_12 CONSTITUTION 1
Heros 1 Scale: unknown. A contemporary full hull model of the French 74-gun, two-decker ‘Le Heros’ (1770). 
This unusually large-scale model is constructed plank on frame using wood, with the addition of horn for 
the wales. The name ‘Le Heros’ is inscribed on the stern. As is typical with POW models, the masts and 
bowsprit are slightly over-scaled in height and rake. The deck is complete with numerous fittings including 
the hammocks stowed in the netting on top of the bulwarks, which has then been covered by a white painted 
canvas as protection against the weather.
Christie's: £7,150; 15 October 1992 1 A well detailed finely decorated mainly 19th century bone and horn model of a 98 gun ship of the line, -- 34 x 54in, (86.5 x 137cm).
With masts, yards with stun's'l booms, fine standing and running rigging with scale blocks and dead eyes and deck details including carved two headed unicorn figurehead, bone anchors with bound stocks, catheads, hair rails with rope and foliate decoration, bitts, belaying rails, gratings, capstan, stove pipes, canopied ship's bell, balustrading, carved hammock nettings, companionways, deck lights and three ship's boats with thwarts, one in stern davits, upper deck guns in carriages. The planked and pinned hull has horn strakes, carved quarter and stern galleries with mythical animal dolphins and male and female carved decoration. Mounted on three turned bone supports on bone and horn inlaid base on four bun feet.
(See illustration)
Christie's: £7,150; 15 April 1993 1 An early 19th Century French prisoner of war bone and horn model of a 100-gun ship of the line -- 10 x 12in (25.5 x 30.5cm)
With masts, spars, standing and running rigging and deck details including carved warrior figurehead, catheads and anchors, capstan, ballustrading, belaying rails, companionways, bell canopy, deck house and ship's boat with thwarts in stern davits. The planked and pinned hull has horn strakes, carved stern gallery and quarter windows. Mounted on a parquetry base on four carved bone feet, (some restoration, some old damages).
See illustration
Christie's: $18,400; 16 April 1994 1 A FRENCH BONE PRISONER-OF-WAR SHIP **
EARLY 19TH CENTURY

Depleting a forty-gun ship-of-the-time, fully rigged with captain's boat, female carved figurehead and anchor on a tortoiseshell and sawtooth plinth, within a yewwood glazed case--Ship: 20in. (51cm.) long, case: 22in. (56cm.) high, 23in.(59cm.) long, 10in. (25cm.) deep
Christie's: £1,540; 6 May 1994 1 A well detailed planked and pinned bone model of a 74-gun ship-of-the-line built by W.M. Wilson -- 14½ x 18½in (37 x 47 cm)
With bound masts, spars, standing and running rigging, carved warrior figurehead, hair rails, anchors, catheads, belaying rails, capstan, balustrading, companionways, gratings and upper deck guns and various members of the crew. The hull, with carved and decorated stern and quarter galleries, with painted bone strakes, mounted on a planked bone stand with wood rail surround on four ball feet. Glazed case
Christie's: £7,700; 10 November 1994 1 A finely carved and detailed early 19th Century French prisoner-of-war bone model of a 74-gun ship-of-the-line -- 9 x 10½in (22.8 x 26.7 cm)
With bound masts, yards with stun's 'l booms, standing and running rigging, carved female figurehead, anchors, catheads, belaying rails, capstan, gratings, deck rails, bell canopy, deck houses, upper deck guns in carriages, three ship's boats and other details. The planked and pinned hull has horn strakes, open gun ports and gold leaf decoration (some loose pieces, some old damages), mounted on two bone supports and a painted wood base with flowers and leaves and geometric patterns with painted pelmet surround, in original straw-work panel box with silk curtains (one missing), mirrored glass, opening doors and drop-front (some old damage and decay)
Christie's: $9,200; 20 January 1995  1 A FRENCH BONE PRISONER-OF-WAR SHIP MODEL OF A ROYAL NAVY 110-GUN SHIP-OF-THE-LINE LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With four bound masts, standing and running rigging and deck details including a figurehead of Britannia, balustrading, companionway and two ship's boats, the planked and pinned hull with upper deck guns, open gun ports and carved stern with figures emblematic of the Continents, with movable rudder, complete with bone stand (restorations, losses)- 27in.(69cm.) high, 29½in.(75cm.) long
Christie's: £6,750; 11 May 1995 1 A finely detailed and carved early 19th Century French prisoner-of-war bone model of the French 120-gun ship 'Montague'
With gold banded and bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, carved female figurehead, anchors, catheads, capstan, bitts, belaying rails, companionways, ship's bell with canopy over, gratings, deck light, deck rings, two ship's boats with thwarts, upper deck guns in carriages and other details, the planked and pinned hull, with freely carved stern and quarter galleries, bulwarks, hair rails and balustrading is mounted on two bone supports on a pinned and planked bone base with carved bone and wood railings. Glazed case with legend (later) --15 x 19in (38.1 x 48.3cm)

"French Ship Montague 120-guns, previously known as the 'Cote d'Or', the 'Montague' became Vice Admiral Villaret Joyeuse's Flagship in 1793. She fought gallantly in the Battle of the Glorious First of June, 1794, and in 1795, under her new name 'Penple', took part in the action against Lord Bridport, off Groix".
Christie's: £1,688; 11 May 1995 1 An early 19th Century French prisoner-of-war bone and horn model of a 102 gun First Rate, with masts and rigging (damaged), yards with stun's'l booms (some missing), carved warrior figurehead, hair rails, catheads, balustrading, gratings, deck lights, guns, two ships boats, (some loose pieces), the planked and pinned hull with stern and quarter gallery carved decoration, bone stands and bone decorated mount -- 8 x 12½in. (20.3 x 31.7cm.)
Christie's: $3,450; 20 January 1996 1 A FRENCH BONE PRISONER-OF-WAR MODEL OF A 86-GUN SHIP-OF-THE-LINE DATED 1814. The fully rigged three-masted vessel with ship's boat on a checquer-inlaid plinth, the underside with inscription and signed 'C.N SENASSI (?) 1814' on short feet, within a later glass case with scarlet velvet plinth
5in. (13cm.) high, 6in. (15cm.) long ship; 8½in. (21cm.) high, 10in. (25cm.) long case
Christie's: £21,850; 9 May 1996 1 An extremely fine early 19th Century French Prisoner of War bone and horn model of a 86 gun Ship of the Line with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, fighting tops with carved rails, full standing and running rigging with scale blocks (restored) and deck details including carved female figurehead, anchors with bound bone stocks, catheads, hair rails with carved rope and leaf decoration, deck rails, bitts, belaying rings, deck rings, stove pipe, belfry, water barrels, carved and decorated ballustrading, gratings, 'hammock netting' with carved swags, cannon balls and rope edging, capstan, companionway, deck light, upper deck guns in carriages, stern davits and two carved wood long boats in slings. The hull, planked and brass pinned with horn strakes, has chain plates with carved rope edgings, stern and quarter galleries with carved ballustrading, swags, lion and unicorn, and gun pulls (restored) -- 30 x 44in. (76.2 x 111.8cm.). Mounted on two carved wood stands on inlaid base with bone edging in glazed case with opening door (later)
See illustration
Christie's: $6,900; 24 January 1997  1 A FRENCH BONE PRISONER-OF-WAR SHIP MODEL OF A SEVENTY-FOUR GUN SHIP-OF THE-LINE late 18th/early 19th century
With three bound masts, standing and running rigging and deck details including a carved warrior masthead and balustrading, the planked and pinned hull with carved stern, with carved stand and glazed case, with traces of polychrome decoration
ship: 14in. (35.5cm.) long, case: 19in. (48cm.) high, 16¼in. (41cm.) long
Christie's: $17,250; 13 February 1997 1 An early French Prisoner of War bone and horn model of the H.M.S. Royal George, 1756, a first rate 120 gun Ship of the Line
with polychrome figurehead, bound bow sprit, bound masts with tops and spreaders, rat lines and other standing and running rigging. The strake is of horn and is pinned. The masts are bound in gold. There is a bell, a windlass, cannons, fife and pin-rails. The main hatch to the second deck with railings on turned columns. There are ladders, quarter galleries with windows, stern galleries with windows and balconies and two ship's boats carved in basswood. The blocks are bone and the linen rigging (later). It is flying the ensign of the white fleet and the British flag. In original straw marquetry case with original knob and handle, front silvered mirrors in the interior, original glass front with green silk curtains, with the ivory wooden pieces for the garden fence.
14½ x 11in. (36.8 x 27.9cm.), in glass case; and, 16 x 12¾in. (40.6 x 32.4cm.), in wicker case (3)
Christie's: $12,650; 13 February 1997 1 A late 18th Century French Prisoner of War bone model of the H.M.S. Superb, a second rate 90 gun Ship of the Line
with figurhead, stem rails, anchors, pin and fife rails, stove pipes, deck rings, bell and belfry. The main deck opening to second deck showing main gun deck and other decks below. The railings along the coaming with carved details of ovals and diamond shapes. The hull is planked in bone and brass pinned and all metal details are done in blackened brass. The poop deck is ivory (later), with quarter galleries, stern balcony and gallery with carved nameboard on transom. This model is unrigged and displayed on the ways with bundled spars on either side.
12 x 4¼in. (30.5 x 10.9cm.)
Christie's: £6,670; 15 May 1997 1 A fine early 19th century French Prisoner Of War bone and horn model of a 92 gun Ship Of The Line
with masts, spars, standing and running rigging (some minor damage) decoratively carved hair rails, anchors with bound bone stocks catheads, belaying rails, capstan, upper deck guns, bell and canopy, hammock nettings, gratings, companionways, hatches, balustrading, deck rings and stern davits. The planked and pinned hull has horn strakes and delicately carved stern and quarter galleries -- 14¼ x 20½in. (36.8 x 52cm) Wood stand (later)
Christie's: £3,055; 9 November 2000 1 An early 19th Century French Prisoner-of-War bone and [?]horn model of a 74-gun ship of the line,
with bound masts, yards, rigging, figurehead, some deck fittings and guns, anchors, catheads, ship's boat in stern davits and stern gallery detailing, the planked and pinned hull overpainted in places in black and 'silver', mounted on a parquetry inlaid base -- 11½ x 13in. (29.2 x 33cm.) Domed glazed case and base
See illustration
Christie's: £8,225; 24 May 2001 1 A 19th Century bone model of a 74-gun ship of the line with bound masts, yards with foot ropes, stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, carved bust-length figurehead, anchors with bound wooden stocks, catheads, belaying rails, capstan, well deck, gratings, companionways, double helm, deck guns on fixed bone carriages and other details. The planked and pinned hull with carved and glazed stern and quarter galleries and rudder is mounted on two turned metal columns and wooden base (restoration, missing/replaced parts). Measurements overall -- 26 x 26in. (66 x 66cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £4,935; 1 November 2001  1 A NAÏVE BONE PRISONER OF WAR MODEL OF AN EIGHTY-SIX GUN SHIP
with bound masts, yards with foot ropes and stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with carved blocks and two ship's longboats between fore and main masts, finely carved figurehead in the form of a classical warrior, painted bone anchor, head rails, 'netting', belaying rails and pins, bell with canopy, deck rings, pierced ballustrading around well deck, companionways, helm, decklights and twenty bone guns in stepped carrigaes. The planked and pinned 'tumble home' hull with retractable sprung guns operated from stern cords, painted main and second wales, unusual carved transom and quarter galleries and rudder with chains, is finished in black, red, blue and 'gold' and secured to a bone cradle stand (old restoration, dust, some loose rigging). Overall measurments -- 23 x 29in. (58.5 x 73.5cm.)
See illustration and details
Christie's: £15,275; 1 November 2001 1 A FINE AND DETAILED MODEL OF AN EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE 80-GUN THIRD RATE SHIP OF THE LINE
with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms and footropes, standing and running rigging with carved blocks, figurehead carved in the form of a maiden, head rails, heads, boomkins, catheads with bone anchors and stocks, hawse pipes, main rail, belaying rails, capstan, gratings, stove pipe, carved ballustraded well deck, water barrels, companionways and twenty-four upper deck turned metal guns in stepped carriages. The planked and pinned hull with guns, chainplates and deadeyes, rudder, carved quarter galleries, stern and transom with stern boat in davits, is secured to horn inlaid bone base with rail and carved and shaped skirt. Overall measurments -- 14¼ x 17½in. (36.2 X 44.5cm.)
See illustration and details
Christie's: £25,850; 1 November 2001 1 AN EXTREMELY FINE AND DETAILED EARLY 19TH CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND HORN MODEL OF THE 80-GUN THIRD RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE REPULSE
with bound masts, foot ropes and wooden stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with blocks, finely carved figurehead in the form of a warrior with shield and flowing robes, boomkins, carved head rails, catheads, four metal anchors with wooden stocks and floats, main rail with belaying pins, belaying rails, deck rings, cleats, capstan, twin stove pipes, belfry, hammock racks, carved ballustraded well deck, water barrels, gratings, compass box, companionways, decklights and other details. The planked and pinned hull with horn main and secondary wales, retractable brass graded calibre guns operated from a stern cord (one missing), chain plates and deadeyes, rudder with chains and finely carved stern and quarter galleries is secured between wooden chocks on a parquetry base with wood capped bone ballustrade. Overall measurements -- 17½ x 23in. (44.5 x 58.5cm.) Later display case
See illustration and details
Christie's: £7,638; 1 November 2001 1 A DETAILED EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND HORN MODEL, ATTRIBUTED AS THE 74-GUN SHIP WARRIOR
with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, finely carved figurehead in the form of a classical warrior, boomkins, head rails, catheads, main rail, belaying rails, deck rings, capstan, belfry, well deck, gratings, deck lights, companionways, sixteen turned metal guns in stepped carriages, two ships long boats slung between the fore and main masts and other details. The planked and pinned hull with horn wales, retractible guns with gun ports operated by stern cords on the lower deck, finely carved stern with balcony and quarter galleries and rudder is secured to bone chocks atop a parquetry base on a case base (lacks cover, overall restoration and replaced parts), measurements including base -- 12 x 20½in. (30.5 x 52cm.); See illustration; PROVENANCE ex-Parker Gallery
Christie's: £5,288; 1 November 2001 1 A FINELY CARVED AND DETAILED EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND HORN MODEL OF AN 80-GUN THIRD RATE SHIP OF THE LINE
with bound masts, yards, standing and running rigging with blocks, 'fiddle' prow, head rails, boom kins, catheads, bone anchors, main rail with bitts, deck rings, capstan, stove pipes, well deck, hammock racks, ventilators[?], deck lights, gratings, companionways and other details. The planked and pinned hull with horn wales, retractable turned metal guns operated from stern cords (partially dysfunctional), stern davits with ship's boat, finely carved stern, transom and quarter galleries and rudder, is mounted on a planked bone base with corner urns, itself pinned to a wooden base with glazed wood bound cover (some restoration). Overall measurements -- 20¾ x 26 x 10in. (53 x 66 x 25.5cm.)
See illustration and details
Christie's: £12,925; 1 November 2001 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER OF WAR BONE AND HORN MODEL OF A 56 GUN SHIP
with bound masts, yards with foot ropes and stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with carved blocks and two long boats slung between fore and main masts, carved and painted figurehead of Britannia, head rails, catheads, metal anchors with bound bone stocks, bitts, belaying rails and pins, rope coils, deck rings, cleats, capstans, gratings, decklights, double helm and twenty-two turned metal guns in stepped carriages. The planked and pinned hull with horn main and secondary wales, retractable guns operated by stern cords with bone bead ends, chain plates and deadeyes, rudder with chains, carved stern and quarter galleries is secured to a marquetry base with bone chocks. Overall measurements -- 18½ x 25in. (47 x 63.5cm.)
See illustration and details
Christie's: £18,800; 1 November 2001 1 A FINE AND DETAILED EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND HORN MODEL OF A SECOND RATE (94-GUN) SHIP OF THE LINE
with masts, yards, standing and running rigging with carved blocks, dolphin-striker, carved bone figurehead in the form of a warrior, headrails with carved dolphins, catheads, belaying rails, gratings, stove pipe, bell canopy, ballustraded well deck, water barrels, compass box, capstan, companionways, decklights and twenty six guns in wood carriages. The planked and pinned hull with guns with red muzzles, horn main and secondary wales, rudder, carved stern, transom and quarter galleries and stern long boat is loosely mounted on bone chocks on round-ended dome base (lacks cover). Overall measurements -- 19½ x 20in. (49.5 x 51cm.)
See illustration and details
Christie's: £5,875; 19 June 2002 1
A FINE EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 100 GUN FIRST RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, dolphin-striker, carved figurehead of a soldier brandishing a sword, headrails, boomkins, main and belaying rails, belfry, companionways, carved ballustraded well deck, deck rings, two long boats slung between fore and main masts, twenty-two guns in stepped bone carriages (some missing) and other details. The planked hull with gun ports, gun port lids and retractable brass guns operated from stern cords (one missing), carved stern and quarter galleries with balconies and rudder is mounted on two bone supports set within planked bone base now loosely contained within a glazed case and display base. Overall measurements -- 17½ x 21 x 7¼in. (44.5 x 53.3 x 8.5cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £18,800; 19 June 2002 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND WOOD MODEL OF A 120-GUN FIRST RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
the bound masts with yards and stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with blocks, finley carved figurehead of a Roman warrior wielding a sword, boomkins, head rails, catheads, metal anchors with bound bone stocks, main rail, belaying rails, capstan, stove pipes, belfry with bell, well-deck with ballustrade, gratings and ship's boat suspended over, hammock racks, water barrels, companionways, poop deck, deck lights, metal deck cannons in stepped bone carriages, stern davits with boat and other details. The planked and pinned hull with ebony main wale, chain plates and deadeyes, fine carving to bow and stern and quarter galleries, and rudder, is mounted on two carved bone supports and secured by forward tackle to baleen inlaid bone base with disc feet. Measurements overall -- 20 x 27in. (51 x 68.5cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £14,340; 30 July 2002 1 A Small Napoleonic Prisoner Of War Bone Model Of A 2nd Rate Ship Of The Line; Anonymous; ca. 1800
A very fine small scale bone model with the hull built up from the solid and planked over in bone. The gun decks are strips of bone with the gun ports cut to the waist. The bottom of the model is planked over in narrower pieces of bone and each piece is held in place with copper pins which have oxidized slightly with time. The deck of the model is from sheets of bone veneer.The deck of the model is simply detailed with pin and fife rails, anchors, belfry, balconies, hatches and other ornaments. The model is fitted with a pair of blackened brass anchors, a figurehead of a Roman warrior which has remnants of polychrome, carved and pierced quarter galleries and transom. The model is very well rigged wuith three masts, standing and running rigging, turning blocks, deadeyes, lift lines, bracing lines and numerous other pieces of rigging. The model is displayed on a two tiered polychromed base made from bone with pierced and carved fencing.
11½ x 3½ x 9¾ in. (29.2 x 8.9 x 24.8 cm.) model on base.
Christie's: £11,163; 31 October 2002 1 A WELL-PRESENTED AND DETAILED NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 48-GUN SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
with bound masts, yards with foot ropes and stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, dolphin striker, carved figurehead in the form of a warrior, boomkins, head rails, catheads, capstan, ballustraded well deck with ship's boat suspended over, companionways, twenty guns in stepped bone carriages and other details. The planked and pinned hull with rudder, carved stern and bow decorated and ebony main wale is mounted on two carved chocks secured to display board with glazed cover (overall restoration), model -- 10 x 13in. (25.5 x 33cm.), case -- 13 x 15in. (33 x 38cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £9,400; 21 May 2003 1 AN EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND HORN MODEL OF A 48-GUN FOURTH RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, yards, booms, standing and running rigging, carved and painted figurehead, boomkins, headrail, catheads, metal anchors with bound bone stocks, belaying rails, capstans, belfry, well deck with ballustrade, two carved bone ship's boats, water barrels, grating, companionways, compass box, double helm, deck lights brass guns in one carriages and other details. The planked and pinned hull with horn main wale, retractable brass cannon, chain plates and deadeyes, carved stern and quarter galleries, stern boat and rudder, is secured with two carved bone forks and rigging to a wooden base carved bone trim loosely set on a plinth within glazed display case with painted back access panel depicting Hull (dust, old repairs, some loose rigging and guns). Measurements overall -- 18½ x 21in. (47 x 53.5cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £11,750; 21 May 2003 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PROSONER-OF-WAR BONE AND HORN MODEL OF A 84-GUN ROYAL NAVY SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
with details including bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standng and running rigging with blocks, detailed warrior-form figurehead with plumed helmet and gladus, boomkins, head rails, catheads, bone anchors with floats, head rail, belaying rails, stove pipes, belfry with bone bell, two long boats slung in rigging, ballustraded well deck, hammock racks, companionways, saloon lights, twenty deck guns in stepped bone carriages, stern boat in davits and other details. The planked hull with baleen main wale and ebony second wale, finely carved and glazed stern and quarter galleries and transom and rudder, is mounted with two bone 'V' chocks to period-style parquetry inlaid display board. Overall measurements -- 19 x 24in. (48 x 61cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £14,100; 21 May 2003 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF AN 88-GUN SECOND-RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, warrior-form figurehead holding laurels, head rail panels with mermaids carved in relief, catheads with bone anchors, main rail, belaying rails, capstan, water barrels, metal stove pipes, well deck with ballustrading, gratings and covered hatch, hammock racks, belfry, companionways, poop deck with saloon lights and chicken coops. The planked and pinned hull with finely carved stern and quarter gallerys, baleen main and secondary wales, gun ports with metal guns protuding, two beaded gun-retracting pulls and rudder, is mounted on two turned bone colums secured to plush display base with legend, within a brass bound glazed display case. The model -- 17½ x 25½in. (44.5 x 65cm.); Measurements overall -- 24 x 30in. (61 x 76.2cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £1,293; 19 November 2003 1 A well-detailed planked and pinned bone model of a 74-gun ship-of-the-line built by W.M. Wilson with bound masts, spars, standing and running rigging, carved warrior figurehead, hair rails, anchors, catheads, belaying rails, capstan, balustrading, companionways, gratings and upper deck guns and various members of the crew. The hull, with carved and decorated stern and quarter galleries, with painted bone strakes, mounted on a planked bone stand with wood rail surround on four ball feet within glazed case, Measurements overall -- 20½ x 26½in. (52 x 67cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £8,813; 19 November 2003 1 A WELL-PRESENTED FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE, BALEEN AND WOOD MODEL OF A 40-GUN SHIP
with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, carved and tinted warrior-form figurehead, boomkins, headrails, metal anchors with bone stocks, main and belaying rails, capstan, stove pipes, water barrels, ballustraded well deck with two ship's boats over, gratings, compass box, helm, deck lights, eighteen metal guns in carriages, stern boat and other details. The planked and pinned hull with baleen main wale and ebony secondary wale, carved stern and quarter gallery decoration and rudder, is mounted on two carved bone supports to a period-style base with wood-capped bone ballustrading and inlaid board, secured with in a later glazed case with bone urn ornaments and bun feet (model sympathetically restored overall, base and case later). Overall measurements - 14½ x 16¼in. (37 x 41.5cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £3,760; 19 November 2003 1 A FINELY-RESTORED AND DETAILED NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF A 110-GUN FIRST RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, warrior-form figurehead, head rails, catheads, capstan, stove pipes, belfry with bell, ballustraded well deck, hammock racks, gratings, companionways, saloon lights, chicken coops, eighteen metal cannons in bone carriages and other details. The hull with protruding cannon and raised port lids, chain plates and deadeyes, baleen main and second wales, carved stern galleries and quarter lights and rudder, is mounted on a bone display base within wood-bound glazed case. Measurements overall -- 14¼ x 15in. (36 x 38cm.)
See illustration
Christie's:$11,353; 10 February 2004 ; New York  1 A Napoleonic Prisoner of War ship model of a French Sloop of War Du Teillay; 26½ x 11 x 19¼ in. (67.3 x 27.9 x 48.9 cm.) cased dimensions. built ca. 1795
 
Christie's: £2,390; 26 May 2004; 1 AN EARLY 19TH CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL
with bound masts with wooden top masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, carved wooden figurehead of a warrior, metal anchors with bone stocks, catheads, head and main rails, belaying rails and pins, stove pipe, belfry, well deck with companionways, gratings, helm, saloon lights, sixteen brass guns in trucks and other details. The hull with open gun ports and guns, chain plates and deadeyes, etched stern and quarter galleries and rudder, is mounted on a display base within glazed case with hinged door. Overall measurements -- 21½ x 27in. (54.5 x 68.5cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £21,510; 26 May 2004; 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 120-GUN FIRST RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
masts with yards and stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, warrior-form figurehead, catheads, head and main rails, bone anchors with stocks and floats, belaying rails and pins, capstan, water barrels, belfry, hammock racks, well deck with lion balustrade, long boat, compass boxes, companion ways, deck lights and other details. The planked and pinned hull with carved main and secondary wales, chain plates and deadeyes, carved stern and quarter galleries and rudder, is mounted on two bone chocks on an inlaid display board (overall restoration, some replaced parts including base). Measurements overall -- 26 x 30in. (66 x 76cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: $47,800; 29 July 2004 1 An early 19th century Napoleonic Prisoner of war bone model of an 80 gun ship of the line
the hull of the model is planked in bone with a the waist planked in baleen, the decks of the model are planked in pieces of bone veneer, and all of the planking is pinned in place. At the bow of the model is a carved figurehead in the form of a Roman warrior with a raised shield and a sword. At the stern of the model the transom is carved and pierced with a floral decoration and chrubs, and the quarter galleries are carved in a similar fashion. The pull strings for the gun retraction mechanism exit below the stern gallery, the model is fitted with numerous details which include: anchors, capstan, a carved beak head, pin and fife rails, pierced and carved balcony railings, boats hoisted above the main deck, and another lashed to the frames over the gallery, a raised poop deck, deck gratings, companionways, skylights, carved and pierced hammock netting, belfry with ship's bell, flagstaff, and numerous other details all carved from either bone or ivory. The model is well rigged with three masts, standing and running rigging, bone turning blocks and deadeyes, gold and rope bandings to the lower mast, ebony stun'sail booms, double dolphin stryker, and many other rigging details. The model is displayed on a mahogany base board inlaid with boxwood and ebony and displayed within a mahogany framed glass case
38½ x 15 x 28 in. (97.8 x 38.1 x 71.1 cm.) cased; PROVENANCE: Anon. sale; Sotheby's, New York, 5 June 1985, lot 640.
Christie's: $20,315; 29 July 2004 1 A Napoleonic prisoner of war bone model of a 4th rate ship, circa 1800, the hull of the model is bone planked over a wooden mold and held in place with brass pins up to the waist which is of ebony, with the gun deck in bone, and the planking above again in ebony. The decks of the model are also planked in bone. At the bow is a figurehead of a man in a stove pipe hat, and at the quarter galleries and the transom are elaborately carved galleries which are decorated in floral and ancanthus patterns and pierced with windows, balusters and other details all carved in bone. The model is detailed with anchors, pin and fife rails, capstans, deck eyes, belfry, railings, companionway, stove pipe, double wheel, cannons on carriages, and other details. The model is well rigged with three masts, standing and running rigging with turning blocks, deadeyes, stay, shrouds, ratlines, sheets, bracing lines and other rigging details. The model is displayed on an oval board covered with paper which has been decorated with geometric drawings and other indistinct patterns. The model is mounted in a glass and mahogany framed case.
26 x 10¾ x 19¼ in. (66 x 27.3 x 48.9 cm.) cased
Christie's: $11,950; 29 July 2004 1 A fine small Napoleonic Prisoner of War model of a British 3rd Rate ship of the line in bone and tortoise shell
circa 1795
the hull of the model is planked in bone over a wooden plug to the waist, and then with altenating bands of tortoise shell and bone the the deck rail. At the bow the model is fitted with a billet head, and at the stern the model is fitted with carved quarter galleries and transom. The deck is fitted with a number of details including a capstan, pin rails, deck gratings, flag staff, and other details. the model is rigged with three masts with standing and running rigging. The model is displayed in a velvet lined oval case with a glass dome.
13½ x 6½ x 13½ in. (34.3 x 16.5 x 34.3 cm.) cased
Christie's: £5,975;17 November 2004 1 A WELL-PRESENTED AND DETAILED BONE AND BALEEN NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR MODEL OF THE 28-GUN 6TH-RATE SYBIL
with bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, warrior-form figurehead, head rails, catheads, metal anchors, main and belaying rails, stove pipe, hammock racks, well deck with jolly boat over, companionways, double helm and stern davits with boat. The planked and pinned hull with baleen wale, brass guns, carved stern and quarter gallery decoration and rudder, is mounted on a planked bone base with carved balustrade and finials secured to a sliding wooden base with legend within a glazed wood-bound case with door. Overall measurements -- 14¾ x 17in. (37.5 x 43cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £3,346;17 November 2004 1
AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL OF A 120-GUN FIRST RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
with details including bound masts, yards with stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, polychrome warrior-form figurehead, catheads with metal anchors with bone stocks, main and belaying rails, water barrels, gratings, ballustraded well deck, companionways, deckhouse, ten brass guns in stepped carriages, pinnace in stern davits and other details. The hull, carved from the solid, with painted main wale, red-painted gun port with lids, carved stern and quarter galleries and rudder, is mounted on a straw work base within a contemporary straw work case with mirror, 'curtains', drop front and brass handle to top and turned feet, (overall wear, some losses, model on temporary supports to base). Model measurements -- 7 x 8in. (18 x 20cm.); Case measurements -- 9 x 10½ x 4in. (23 x 27 x 10cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £15,535;17 November 2004 1
A DETAILED EARLY 19TH CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 40-GUN FIFTH RATE
with masts, yard and stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, polychrome warrior-form figurehead, catheads, water buckets, carved head and main rails, metal anchors with bone stocks, belaying rails and pins, cleats, capstan, water barrels, hammock racks, well deck with mesh balustrade and boat awnings, belfry, compass boxes, double helm, deck lights, chicken coops and other details. The planked and pinned hull with baleen main and secondary wales, chain plates and deadeyes, carved stern and quarter galleries, retractable cannons, three ship's boats out-rigged with painted oars over, stern gun cords with togs and rudder, is mounted on two bone chocks on an inlaid wooden display board and secured with a wood-bound glazed case. Overall measurements -- 17 x 22in. (43 x 56cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £3,346;17 November 2004 1 A SMALL EARLY 19th-CENTURY Napoleonic prisoner-of-war bone model OF A 74-GUN SHIP
with masts, yards, rigging with bone blocks, full suit of ink-lined paper sails, polychromed figurehead, metal anchors, head rail, capstan, well deck, hammock racks, gratings, brass guns in carriages, deck lights, chicken coops and other details. The hull with painted main and second wales, red-painted gun port lids with brass guns, chain plates and deadeyes, carved stern and quarter galleries, is secured to a straw work base attached within a contemporary mirror-backed straw work display case with glazed sides and hinged front panel, bone finials and feet. Model measurements -- 6½ x 7½in. (16.5 x 19cm.); Cased measurements -- 9½ x 10¾in. (24 x 27.5cm.)
See illustration
Christie's: £16,730;17 November 2004; 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 90-GUN THIRD RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
masts with yards and stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging, warrior-form figurehead, catheads, finely pierced head rails, metal anchors with bone stocks and floats, belaying rails and pins, capstan, twin stove pipes, belfry, hammock racks, well deck with balustrade, long boat, water barrels, compass boxes, companion ways, deck lights, chicken coops, and other details. The planked and pinned hull with carved main and secondary wales, gun ports with lids and guns, chain plates and deadeyes, carved stern and quarter galleries and rudder, is mounted on two bone chocks on an inlaid display board (overall restoration, some replaced parts including base). Measurements overall -- 21 x 27in. (53 x 68.5cm.)
See illustration
Christie's:$19,200; 3 February 2005  1 A Napoleonic prisoner of war bone model of a 4th rate ship circa 1800
the hull and the decks are planked in bone over a wooden mold and held in place with brass pins. Along the topsides is a bone waist strake with carved detail. At the bow is a figurehead of a man with a sword, and at the stern the quarter galleries and the transom are carved in relief and pierced with windows, balusters and other details all in bone. The model is detailed with anchors, pin and fife rails, capstans, deck eyes, railings, companionway, double wheel, cannons on carriages, and other details. The model is well rigged with three masts, standing and running rigging with turning blocks, deadeyes, stay, shrouds, ratlines, sheets, bracing lines and other rigging details. Displayed on a pair of wood cradles painted to resemble bone mounted on a mahogany board.
22 x 25¼ in. (55.9 c 64.1 cm.) on stand
Christie's:$20,400; 20 July 2005 ; New York  1 A Napoleonic prisoner of war model of a 90-gun ship; 15¾ x 22 in. (40 x 55.2 cm.) cased  
Christie's:$3,600; 20 July 2005 ; New York  1 A miniature Napoleonic prisoner of war model of the naval cutter Fly; 5 x 5 5/8 in. (12.7 x 14.3 cm.) model on stand
Christie's:$20,400; 20 July 2005 ; New York  1 A miniature Napoleonic prisoner of war model of a 90 gun ship; 9 x 13½ in. (22.9 x 34.3 cm.) cased  
Christie's: £5,760;16 November 2005 1
A WELL-RESTORED EARLY 19TH-CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF A 74-GUN 3RD RATE
with planked and pinned hull, typical hull and deck fittings, bound masts and rigging, secured to bone and wood base within glazed case (case later, overall restoration). Mesurements including case -- 8¾ x 10in. (22 x 26cm.)
Christie's: £12,000;16 November 2005 1 A FINELY RESTORED NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 80-GUN ROYAL NAVY 3RD RATE
the planked and pinned hull with fine carved detailing to the figurehead, head rails, stern and well-deck, with typical deck fittings, bound masts and two ship's boats suspended in the rigging, and mounted on a wood inlaid prisoner-style base with balustrading and legs. Overall measurements -- 21¾ x 25in. (55 x 63.5cm.)
Christie's: £6,600;16 November 2005 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF A 98-GUN SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
the planked and pinned hull with carved detailing to the figurehead, head rails, stern and well-deck, with typical deck fittings, and mounted on a bone prisoner-style display base secured within a glazed display case (restoration; case later). Measurements including case -- 11 x 13in. (28 x 33cm.)
Christie's:$78,000; 21 January 2006 ; New York  1 A Napoleonic Prisoner of War Model of the 92 gun ship of the line H.M.S. Royal George; 22¼ in. high, 26¼ in. wide, 11¾ in. deep (the case) 
Christie's: Price on request;25 May 2006 1 A FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF A 120-GUN FIRST RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE
the planked and pinned hull with carved detailing to the figurehead, head rails, stern and well-deck, with typical deck fittings, and mounted on an inlaid wood and bone prisoner-style display base with outrigged wooden boats secured to the base rail (overall restoration) -- 25 x 31in. (63.5 x 79cm.)
Christie's: £3,000;25 May 2006 1 A FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 28-GUN FRIGATE
with planked hull and decks, bound masts and rigging, mounted within a glazed brass case (rigging and some fittings replaced, model restored overall) -- 14 x 19in. (35.5 x 48cm.) overall
Christie's: £9,120;25 May 2006 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF A 80-GUN THIRD RATE SHIP-OF-THE LINE
with planked and pinned hull, carved head, stern and quarter galleries, some deck fittings and lower masts, mounted on a bone-trimmed display base (masts and rigging distressed, loose parts and dust) -- 8½ x 12in. (21.5 x 30.5cm.) Carry/store box; tin of assorted loose parts.
Christie's: £7,200;8 November 2006 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF A 28-GUN SHIP
the planked and pinned hull with cannon and raised ports, polychrome figurehead, planked deck with carved fittings, masts with yards and stun's'l booms and rigging, contained within a glazed wooden case (rigging restored, case later). Measurements overall -- 17½ x 23¼in. (60 x 59cm.)
Christie's:$66,000; 31 January 2007 ; New York  1 A large Napoleonic Prisoner of War bone model of 84 gun ship of the line
ca. 1800
the hull planked and pinned in bone with three strakes in baleen, gun ports, a painted and polychromed figurehead; carved, pierced and painted quarter galleries and transom, chainplates, and the deck also planked and pinned and detailed with anchors, catheads, pin and fife rails, capstan, belfry, railings, deck hatches, double wheel, railings, and other details. Rigged with a bowsprit, three masts, cross spars, stun'sail booms, standing and running rigging, and other rigging details. Displayed on a pair of mahogany cradles with block and tackle ties with a glass case and mahogany base.
26 x 30 in. (66 x 76.2 cm.) model.
Christie's:$15,600; 31 January 2007 ; New York  1 A pair of miniature Napoleonic Prisoner of War bone models; 8 x 11¾ in.(20.3 x 29.9 cm.) and 7¼ x 10¼ in. (18.4 x 26 cm.) on case base. (2) 
Christie's: £45,600;16 May 2007 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEEN SHIP MODEL OF THE 74-GUN FRIGATE L'AIGLE
the planked and pinned hull with retractable brass cannon operated from stern cords, attractively carved deck fixtures and fittings including a crowned figurehead wielding a sword, bound masts with yards with stun's'l booms and polychromed fighting tops, standing and running rigging with wooden blocks, is mounted on bone supports on original bone, baleen and ebony base within later glazed case. The model -- 24 x 30in. (61 x 76cm.); The case -- 28½ x 35in. (72½ x 89cm.) overall.
Christie's: $7,200;25 July 2007 1
A 19th century Napoleonic prisoner of war bone model of a 76 gun third rate ship of the line
circa 1800
the hull planked in bone over a wood plug, from the keel up and a double waist band with remnants of black polychroming between the gun ports, at the bow is a figure head of a Roman warrior with an upraised arm also with remnants of polychroming, the quarter galleries and transom are modeled with windows, cut and pierced and decorated with pieces of gilt brass and polychroming. The decks are of bone with the planking lines scored in and detailed with anchor rodes run out to the sea, cannons on carriages, pin and fife rails, railings, and other details. Rigged with three masts, bowsprit, standing and running rigging, turning blocks, cross spars, tops and trees, and deadeyes along with other rigging details and flying the remnants of an American flag [later] and a Jack at the bow. The model is set into a wood sea covered in paper [distressed] painted to represent the sea. Also set into the sea is a ship's long boat finished in black. The wood/sea base is framed in bone with the top edge scalloped to represent an undulating sea. Displayed within a later [20th century] glass and mahogany case.
12 x 15 in. (30.5 x 38.1 cm.) cased.
Christie's: £180,500;31 October 2007 1 An exceptional and large Napoleonic prisoner-of-war bone model of H.M.S. Prince of Wales, a 98-gun Second Rate ship-of- the-line, circa 1800
The hull, built up over a wooden plug, which has been hollowed, planked and pinned in bone from the keel to the waterline and from the waterline up, alternating in horn and bone between the gunports. At the bow is a delicately carved figurehead in the form of a Roman warrior with a feathered headdress with residual polychrome colouring, peak rails carved in relief with a swag pattern and the figure of a mermaid, the bowsprit rigged with a forked dolphin stryker. The deck is planked and pinned in bone and detailed with pin and fife rails, gunports, deck-rings, cleats, capstan, belfry with brass bell, a pair of ship's boats as well as a launch and gig, pierced deck gratings, deck-rings, water casks and barrels, boxed compass, stairway, skylight and deckhouse, and other details. The stern is fitted with decorated quarter and stern galleries which are carved and pierced, and detailed in relief with geometric motifs, and, at the base of each quarter gallery, with a sun and palm fronds. The windows are glazed in mica. The transom, supporting a pair of davits with a carved wooden launch with bone seats, and decorated with a lion and unicorn centered on a crown and royal cross, a pair of angels adorning either side, with further mythological and floral motifs, two balconies with carved posts and railings. Her name Prince of Wales carved in relief on the lower portion of the transom just above the rudder post, with a pair of pulls for retractable cannons. The rigging includes a bowsprit and three masts, each mast with tops, trees, cross spars and stun' sail booms, the aft rail of tops decorated with polychrome ornamentation in a Royal motif with flags and cannons, and the top of each rail fitted with a pair of rail cannons on swivels. The standing and running rigging includes ratlines running up from bone chain plates, and rigged with bone deadeyes and bead fairleads. Most of the turning blocks are also either of bone or beads, other parts of the standing rigging includes stays, shrouds, intermediate shrouds, and running backstays. Running rigging includes sheets, halyards, topping lifts, bracing lines, and other rigged details.
displayed on a pair of modern carved walnut dolphin cradles within a period glass and wood framed vitrine, on a modern plinth
the model, 42½ x 15 x 32½ in. (108 x 38.2 x 82.5 cm.)
the case, 62 x 22½ x 82 in. (157.5 x 57.2 x 208.4 cm.)
See back cover illustration; PROVENANCE: Baron Dietrich du Val Duchess. King Leopold III of Belgium. Salon Stephani, Brussels. Mr Norman Mercer. Reliance Group Holdings, Inc. and thence to present owner. LITERATURE: Alexandre Berqueman, L'Art et la Mer, Brussels, 1942.
Christie's: $5,250; 23 November 2010 ; New York  1 A FRENCH BONE PRISONER-OF-WAR SHIP MODEL OF THE 74-GUN 'HMS AJAX', LATE 18TH/EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With deck details, fully articulated hull and bow with figural masthead, fitted with port and starboard cannon and two lifeboats, set on a later support within a mahogany and glass case, 11¼ in. (28.5 cm.) high, 15½ in. (39.5 cm.) wide, the model; PROVENANCE: With San Francisco Ship Model Gallery, New York.
Christie's: £2,500; 30 November 2010 ; London  1 A FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL EARLY 19TH CENTURY; MASTS AND RIGGING IN NEED OF RESTORATION; 11¾ IN. (30 CM.) HIGH; 14 IN. (36 CM.) LONG 
Christie's: $10,625;19 June 2012  1 A FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND IVORY SHIP MODEL OF H.M.S. ARGO EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With planked and pinned hull, figurehead, baleen banded, the deck fittings including brass cannon on carriages, gratings, long boats, rigged masts all on a bone and baleen base with balustrades set in a later glazed case
the model 15 in. (38 cm.) high; 21 in. (53 cm.) long
Christie's: £40,000; 26 June 2013 1 A LARGE NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 'MAN-O-WAR' EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With ninety-two guns and well-carved classical soldier figurehead, planking, deck features and galleried transom carved with mermaids and figures, set with six long boats and fully rigged, the bone gunwhales are carved in relief, on a bone and ebonised parquetry inlaid wood base with a bone gallery
27 in. (69 cm.) high; 35 in. (89 cm.) long, within a perspex case. PROPERTY FROM A PRIVATE EUROPEAN COLLECTION The following collection remarkable for the quantity and quality of bone ship models, is enhanced by a number of carved wood ships' figureheads and naive dioramas. Before the age of iron clad ships (Brunel's 'Great Britain' of 1845), the admiralty employed large numbers of skilled craftsman in naval dockyards, not only adept at joining timbers but also competent at carving transom boards and figureheads. Being craftsmen as opposed to artists, these figureheads possess the charm of Folk Art. During the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (1793-1815), large numbers of French prisoners were housed in open prisons throughout Britain. Their daily food ration included half a pound of beef or mutton on the bone. Subsequently, the bone became a readily available source of raw material from which a variety of objects were crafted. Other materials were also used, including wood, horn, brass, silk, straw and glass. Typically, the models were not made to scale as accurate scale plans were not available and tools were limited. To realize a good price at market, the models were often named after famous ships of the time, whilst some models included spring-loaded guns operated by cords. The ship dioramas in this collection would have been built and painted by seamen who acquired a certain skill in carpentry and joinery on long voyages. Many would have been made by retired seamen and sold in ports to a ship's captain as a souvenir of the vessel that he commanded.
Christie's: £3,500; 26 June 2013 1 A FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A MAN-OF-WAR EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With a plain bone hull with horn strips and deck with carved figurehead and galleried transom with two long boats and rigging on an oval bone plinth with floral painted decoration on further bone and wood rectangular base and associated straw-work case with fall-front glazed panel and a pair of doors
ship and bone base 8¾ in. (22 cm.) high; 10 in. (26 cm.) long; straw-work case 10½ in. (27 cm.) high; 13 in. (33 cm.) wide
And a small silk flag monogramed 'MB' with two red stripes (2)
Christie's: £2,750; 26 June 2013 1 A FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR MINIATURE BONE MODEL OF A MAN-O-WAR EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With pinned and planked hull with horn gunwhales and finely carved deck features and transom, on a straw work base and bone feet, in an ebonised and glazed case
6¾ in. (17 cm.) high; 7½ in. (19 cm.) long including base, within a perspex case
Christie's: £6,000; 26 June 2013 1 A NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With eighty four guns and pinned and planked hull with finely carved deck features and boards either side of the deck, set on a wood and bone stand, 14½ in. (37 cm.) high; 17 in. (43 cm.) long in a perspex case
Christie's: £8,750; 26 June 2013 1 A NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With forty eight guns in carved bone with horn inlaid pinned and planked hull and various finely carved deck details and two long boats on a bone and horn inlaid base, 15¾ in. (40 cm.); 18 in. (46 cm.) long within a perspex case
Christie's: £6,250; 26 June 2013 1 A NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL EARLY 19TH CENTURY
The pinned and planked hull with strips of horn and three levels of guns and portholes, the deck details include long-boats, barrels and hatches on a bone and horn stand 12½ in. (32 cm.) high; 12¼ in. (31 cm.) long within a perspex case
Christie's: £5,000; 26 June 2013 1 A FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With fifty-eight guns, three rigged masts and two long boats, the pinned and planked hull, horn mounted, on a straw-work base with a bone gallery and a gate at one side 9 in. (23 cm.) high; 10 in. (26 cm.) long on an ebonised base and under glass dome
Christie's: £10,625; 26 June 2013 1 A FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL OF A MAN-O-WAR, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With two pulls to operate the retractable guns, with seventy four guns and eight longboats hanging from the rigging, the pinned and planked hull inlaid with horn with a finely carved galleried transom and figurehead and a bone base with a gallery
18¾ in. (48 cm.) high; 23¾ in. (60 cm.) long within a perspex case
Christie's: £3,000; 30 April 2015  1 A NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL EARLY 19TH CENTURY
With a pinned and planked hull, finely carved deck with two lifeboats, on a rectangular plinth with pierced bone gallery, displayed within a glazed straw-work case
The ship: 7 in. (18 cm.) wide. The case: 8 ¾ in. (22 cm.) high; 10 ¾ in. (27 cm.) wide; 5 in. (13 cm.) deep
Bonhams: £8,126 ; 6 Oct 2004 ; London  1 A Napoleonic Prisoner-of-War Bone Model of a 52-Gun Ship of the Line, French, circa 1800,
Bonhams: £69.600; 18 Oct 2005; London 1 A fine and large prisoner-of-war bone model of the first-rate ship H.M.S. "Caledonia", early 19th century, 48x22x67in(122x56x170cm)overall.
Bonhams: £14,400 ; 21 Mar 2007 ; London  1 A fine bone prisoner of war model of a three deck ship
hull of narrow pinned bone planks, with baleen wales, painted port lids and delicate scale cannon. Pierced bone rails, stern and quarter galleries with a finely carved and painted figurehead. Bone decks, with belfry, capstan, skylights and scale ship's boats slung between the fore and main yards. Banded bone spars with delicate running and standing rigging, painted silk ensign and pennant. Mounted on to a painted base, with pierced bone rails and carved square posts, in a period passe-partout display case.11.5x5.5x8.5in(29x14x21.5cm)
Bonhams: £14,400 ; 21 Mar 2007 ; London  1 A bone prisoner of war model of a First Rate warship
hull of small pinned bone planks, with baleen wales, open painted port lids with scale brass cannon. Decorative pierced rails, stern and quarter galleries. bone decks, with belfry, capstan, companionway and ladders. Banded bone spars with finely detailed running and standing rigging. Mounted on bone crutches and secured by fine chains to a painted decorative base, having pierced and painted rails and small square feet. In a period passe-partout glazed showcase. 12x4.7x10in(30.5x12x25.5cm)
Bonhams: £36,000 ; 28 Nov 2007 ; London  1 A fine and large bone prisoner of war model of H.M.S. VICTORY81 X25 X 61 cm
Bonhams: £28,800 ; 28 Nov 2007 ; London  1 A fine prisoner of war bone model of a 120 gun first rate ship of the linecirca 1800 38 X 13 X 35,5 cm
Bonhams: £24,000 ; 28 Nov 2007 ; London  1 A well restored 19th century bone prisoner of war model of an 80 gun ship 71 X 24 X 59,5cm
Bonhams: $13,420; 26 Jan 2010 ; New York 1 A late 18th century Napoleonic Prisoner of War ship model of an 18-gun sloop of war
Provenance: Robert P. Baruch, son of Herman Benjamin Baruch and nephew of Bernard Mannes Baruch, founder of Baruch Brothers, New York, to current owner by descent. Robert P. Baruch was an avid sailor and a member of the Manhasset Bay Yacht Club. He won the biennial, 635-mile, blue water race to Bermuda in 1936 aboard his new 53-foot cutter Kirawan. He had the yacht built for him in Brooklyn by the designer Philip Rhodes. Robert Baruch joined the international commodities firm of H. Hentz and Company that his uncles Bernard and Hartwig "Harty" Baruch bought in 1907 and that his father Herman Baruch joined as a managing partner. Robert was the chairman of the executive committee of the securities firm of H. Hentz & Company in 1963, when he urged caution to investors at the time of President Kennedy's assassination
Bonhams: £3,840 ; 22 Mar 2011 ; London  1 A large 19th century bone Prisoner of War model ship, for restoration.
Bonhams: Estimate US$ 10,000 - 15,000; 23 May 2012; New York 1 A Napoleonic Prisoner-of-War bone ship model of a naval brigantine
circa 1800
Bonhams: $20,000; 25 Jan 2013 ; New York 1 the hull built up in wood and the topsides planked in bone, with black painted strakes, carved bone hammock nets, the deck detailed with dog houses, companionways, (18) guns on carriages, tiller, capstan, ship's boat and other details. Rigged with masts and spars, standing and running rigging. Displayed on a wood base cut to show her as a waterline model with bone stanchions and frette work. Within a later mahogany and plexiglass case.
14-1/4 x 6-3/4 x 12 in. (36.1 x 17.1 x 30.4 cm.) cased.
10-1/2 x 5-1/2 x 8-1/4 in. (26.6 x 13.9 x 20.9 cm.) cased. length x depth x height.
Bonhams: $22,500; 25 Jan 2013 ; New York 1 A Napoleonic prisoner-of-war bone model of a 74-gun ship-of-the-line: French/English, circa 1790
the hull built up from the solid and planked in bone and horn between the gun decks, red-painted gun port lids with brass guns, chain plates and dead-eyes, polychromed figurehead, carved and pierced stern and quarter galleries, the decks detailed with metal anchors, head rails, capstan, pin and fife rails, belfry, well deck, hatch gratings, guns on carriages, ladders, taff rail, and other details. Rigged with masts, yards, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, spars, stun'sail booms, boat rigged out over the starboard side and other details. Displayed within the original marquetry case with glazed front and sides, drop down front and and mirror at the back, with bone finials and feet.
13-3/4 x 5-1/2 x 12-3/4 in. (34.9 x 13.9 x 32.3 cm.) cased. length x depth x height.
Bonhams: $10,625; 25 Jan 2013 ; New York 1 A Napoleonic prisoner-of-war bone ship model of a naval brigantine; circa 1800
the hull built up in wood and the topsides planked in bone, with black painted strakes, carved bone hammock nets, the deck detailed with dog houses, companionways, (18) guns on carriages, tiller, capstan, ship's boat and other details. Rigged with masts and spars, standing and running rigging. Displayed on a wood base cut to show her as a waterline model with bone stanchions and frette work. Within a later mahogany and plexiglass case.
14-1/4 x 6-3/4 x 12 in. (36.1 x 17.1 x 30.4 cm.) cased.
Bonhams: £30,000 ; 24 Apr 2013 ; London  1 An impressive 19th century Prisoner of War bone model of a 50 gun ship.
Hull of pinned bone planks on a wooden core, with baleen wales, pierced for 50 turned brass cannon on bone carriages. Finely carved figurehead, trail boards, stern and quarter decoration. Laid bone plank decks, with detailed gratings, windlass, belfry, water butts, wheel and binnacle, skylight and companionway. A ship's boat on skids amidships and another slung on davits astern. Bone spars and very finely detailed running and standing rigging. Mounted on crutches on a parquetry baseboard, in glazed display case. The model 30ins. (76cm)long.
Bonhams: £9,375 ; 24 Apr 2013 ; London  1 A fine 19th century Prisoner of War bone model of the French Ship of the Line L'Hercule
Hull of fine pinned bone planks, with baleen wales and polychrome decoration to figurehead, trail boards, stern and quarter decoration. The hull pierced for 84 turned brass cannon, with painted port lids. Bone decks, with detailed grating, windlass, belfry, butts and binnacle. Bone and wooden spars with finely detailed running and standing rigging and a ship's boat slug between the lower yards. Set on crutches on a straw work base with turned painted posts under glazed case. The model 11.5ins.(29cm)long.14.5x5.5x12ins. (37x14x31cm)
Bonhams: $3,500 ; 5 Jun 2013 ; New York 1 A Napoleonic prisoner-of-war bone model of a 76-gun ship-of-the-line; French/English, circa 1800 
possibly Le Maroc [name on transom barely legible], the hull built up from the solid and planked in bone, between the gun decks are raised bone strakes which were painted black, brass guns fitted to the topsides and decks, chain plates and dead-eyes, polychromed figurehead of a warrior, carved and pierced stern and quarter galleries with verdigris copper details, head rails, pin and fife rails, scored planking for the decks, open well deck, guns on carriages, taff rail, and other details. Rigged with masts, yards, standing and running rigging, spars, stun'sail booms, and other details [rigging in need of attention]. Set into a bone and wood base with a painted sea [distressed] giving the impression of a waterline model. Displayed within a glass and mahogany framed case.
15 x 7-1/2 x 12 in. (38.1 x 19.1 x 30.4 cm.) cased.
Bonhams: $1,875 ; 5 Jun 2013 ; New York 1 A Napoleonic prisoner-of-war boxwood waterline model of a British 76 gun ship-of-the-line; French/English, circa 1800
in a diorama format with the hull built up from the waterline, a painted green bottom, the topsides painted in alternating bands of black, pink and white, and black topsides fitted with a figure head of a Roman warrior, at the stern the quarter galleries and transom are modeled with windows, cut and pierced and decorated with a geometric pattern. The decks are of veneer with the planking lines drawn in and detailed with: anchor, cannons on carriages, pin and fife rails, capstan, railings, ladders, belfry, hatches, deck eyes. At anchor, one anchor rode is run out into the sea as if the ship were anchored. Rigged with three masts, bowsprit, standing and running rigging, turning blocks, cross spars, tops and trees, and dead-eyes and other rigging details. Displayed on a carved and painted sea, framed by an ornately decorated and drawn acanthus base, within a mahogany and glass case with carved front columns and a foliate frieze over the top.
15 x 7-1/2 x 14-3/4 in. (38.1 x 19.1 x 37.5 cm.) cased.
Bonhams: Estimate: 12,000 - 19,000 €; 5 Jun 2013 ; New York 1 A Napoleonic prisoner-of-war bone model of a 74-gun ship-of-the-line; French/English, circa 1800
the hull built up from the solid and planked in bone with ribbed details between the gun decks, red-painted gun port lids with darkened brass guns, chain plates and dead-eyes, carved figurehead, carved and pierced stern and quarter galleries, the decks detailed with metal anchors, head rails, capstan, pin and fife rails, belfry with bell, well deck with railings, hatch gratings (possibly replaced), guns on carriages, ladders, taff rail, and other details. Rigged with masts, yards, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, spars, boat rigged out over the well deck and other details.
18 x 8-1/2 x 14 in. (45.7 x 21.5 x 35.5 cm.) cased.
Bonhams: £3.125; 12 Oct 2013; London 1 An early 19th century cased bone Prisoner of War ship model
The model of an English First Rate, from carved bone and timber, with painted figurehead and stern galleries, detailed bone gun carriages and ship's boats. Bone spars with paper flags and fine rigging. Set on an octagonal wooden base with fine straw work decoration. The model 8ins.(20cm)long. Displayed in a contemporary wooden mirror backed display case, decorated inside and out with delicate straw work designs. In need of restoration.11x8x4ins.(28x20x10cm)
Bonhams: Estimate: 12,000 - 19,000 €; 5 Jun 2013 ; New York 1 A Napoleonic prisoner-of war-ship model of a 90 gun ship-of-the-line; French/English, circa 1805
built up over a wood plug, planked in bone, with stem, keel and rudder post, with double bands of ebony running between the gun ports, head rails supporting a carved figurehead of a maiden, built up bulwarks in bone, the decks detailed with anchors, anchor posts, deck eyes, fife rails, stove pipe, deck gratings, capstan, ships wheel, three boats hung out on davits and another amidships, decorated quarter galleries, transom with double balcony, and other details. Rigged with a bow sprit, three masts with spars and stun'sail booms, standing and running rigging, flags and other details. Displayed on a mahogany baseboard within a mahogany framed glass case.
Bonhams: US$ 35.000; 24 Jan 2014; New York 1 A Napoleonic prisoner-of-war bone model of the 98 gun ship-of-the-line H.M.S. Boyne
French/English, circa 1800
Bonhams: £4,250 ; 15 Apr 2014 ; London 1 the hull built up from the solid and planked in bone secured with brass pins, and blackened strips of wood at the waterline and between the gun decks, red-painted gun port lids with brass cannons, chain plates and dead-eyes, carved figurehead of a horse and rider, carved and pierced stern and quarter galleries, the decks detailed with blackened metal anchors, head rails, pin and fife rails, belfry with bell, well deck with capstan, railings, hatch gratings, guns on carriages, ladders, taff rail, and other details. Rigged with masts, yards, stun' sail booms, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, a single boat rigged out over the well deck and other details.
31-1/4 x 11 x 22-3/4 in. (79.3 x 27.9 x 57.7 cm.) cased.
Bonhams: £18.750; 15 Apr 2014; London 1 A large French Prisoner of War bone model of theDiana
Hull of pinned bone planks on a wooden core, with baleen wales. Copper sheathed below the waterline. Carved figurehead and stern decoration, the hull pierced for 44 bone and brass cannon. Decks of laid bone planks, with details including galley chimneys, anchors and buoys, belfry, capstans, hatches and companionway. With three ship's boats slung between main and foremast and another on davits aft. Bone spars and detailed running and standing rigging. Set on bone crutches on a bone and baleen decorated baseboard, with turned wooden feet. The model 32ins.(81cm)long. In a glazed display case.46x16x39ins.(125x41x99cm)
There was a French 38 gun Frigate in the French Navy called the Diane. Built at Toulon in 1796, she fought at the Battle of the Nile, escaped and was captured at Malta in August 1800. Re-commissioned in the Royal Navy as HMSNiobe, she was sold out of the service in 1816.
Bonhams: Estimate: £4,000 - 6,000; 15 Apr 2014; London 1 A small 19th century bone model of a 14 gun sloop
Hull of pinned bone planks over a wooden core, with baleen wales, gunwale and detailing. Carved beakhead and stern decoration. Laid bone plank deck, with hatches and companionway, turned bone cannon on carriages. Bone spars, with detailed rigging. Set on crutches inside a carved bone railing, with a pair of anchors, on an oval base. In a glazed display case. 20x14x15ins.(51x36x38cm)
Bonhams: £5,625; 15 Apr 2015; London 1 A Napoleonic period bone model of a 60 gun ship.
Hull of pinned bone planks on a wooden armature, with Baleen wales and fitted with sixty turned brass cannon with port lids. Carved decorative rails, figurehead and trail board, stern and quarter galleries. Laid bone plank decks with detailed deck house, ladders and hatches. Fitted with bone spars and detailed running and standing rigging. The models: 25ins.(63.5cm) long. Mounted on wooden keel blocks in a glazed display case. 30.5x12x23ins.(77x30x58.5cm)
Bonhams: £22,500; 7 Oct 2015; London 1 A NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR MODEL OF THE 80-GUN SHIP-OF-THE-LINE 'SANS PAREIL', FRENCH, EARLY 19TH CENTURY,
22 x 28 x 7in (56 x 71 x 18cm). Outer case: 34 x 14 25 1/2in (86 x 35 65cm); A Napoleonic prisoner-of-war model of the 80-gun ship-of-the-line 'Sans Pareil', French, early 19th Century,
the three masted vessel with standing and running rigging, pinned and planked hull, horn strakes, stern with gun retraction toggle, gallery and stern board carved with stylised figures and animals, the deck with sky light belaying rails water but stove pipes and capston bough with beakhead and carved wood lion figurehead on shaped bone and pine stand with presentation silver plaque engraved presented by Major C.W.D.W. Alexander and Mrs C.S. Watson in memory of Major C.J. Alexander 22 x 28 x 7in (56 x 71 x 18cm). Outer case: 34 x 14 25 1/2in (86 x 35 65cm)

Bonhams: Estimate: US$ 7.000 - 10.000; 28 Jan 2016; New York 1 A FINE SMALL NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR MODEL OF A SECOND-RATE 80-GUN SHIP OF THE LINE FRENCH/ENGLISH, CIRCA 1805
14 x 7-1/2 x 12-1/4 in. (35.5 x 19 x 31.1 cm.), cased dimension.
Bonhams: £17,500 (€20,645) ; 12 Apr 2017; London 1 A Prisoner of War bone model of a 80-gun ship-of-the-line, French, Early 19th century,
the three masted vessel with standing and running rigging, horseshoe shaped stern with galleries and long boat on davits, quarter galleries, baleen strakes and deck details including skylight, belaying rails, gratings, ship's bell, stove pipe and capstan, on later stand 20 x 28 in (51 x 57cm)
Bonhams: £14,375 (€16,046) ; 18 Oct 2017; London  A Prisoner-of-War bone model of a 60-gun ship-of-the-line, French/English, early 19th century,
the three masted vessel with standing rigging, decorated stern board, balustrading and toggle and string for gun retraction, deck with skylights, belaying rails and pins, two long boats, ship's bell under canopy, capstan, stained horn strakes, cat-heads and carved bone warrior figurehead, in modern display case, the model, 42 x 48cm (16 1/2 x 19in) 
Bonhams: £15,000 (€17,220) ; 18 Apr 2018; London 1 A prisoner of war bone model of a 30 gun frigate, French, circa 1800,
the three masted vessel with standing and running rigging, carved female figurehead, capston, ship's boat, helm, the galleried stern with string for gun retraction, on octagonal bone stand under modern Perspec display case the model 12 1/2 x 8 x 4in (32 x 20 x 10cm) 
Bonhams: Estimate: £20,000 - 30,000 (€23,000 - 34,000) ; 17 Oct 2018; London 1 A large prisoner of war bone model of a 70-gun-ship-of-the-line, French, Early 19th century, 
Bonhams: Estimate: £10,000 - 15,000 (€11,000 - 17,000) ; 17 Oct 2018; London  1 A fine prisoner-of-war bone model of the 100-gun first class ship-of-the-line H.M.S. Caledonia,
English/French, early 19th century, 
Bonhams: £ 7,562 (€ 8,952); 1 May 2019; London  1 A prisoner-of-war bone model of a frigate, French, early 19th century,
the pinned and planked hull with horn starkes, three masts with standing and running rigging, carved bone lion figurehead, single gun deck with sixteen cannons on carriages, horseshoe-shaped stern galleries, on rectangular carved and latticed bone stand, now under glass dome and on ebonised wood base, the model 24 x 26.5cm (9 1/2 x 10 1/2in) 
Bonhams: £ 18,812 (€ 22,271); 29 October 2019; London  A fine prisoner-of-war Bone Model of the 48 gun ship-of-the-line HMS "ALCESTE" French, early 19th century,
the model 75cm (29 1/2in) long x 56cm (22in) high
Bonhams:Estimate: £10,000 - 15,000 (€11,000 - 17,000; $13,000 - 20,000); 11 November 2020; London; sold for £ 15,250 (€ 18,393) inc. premium 1 A FINE PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A FIRSTCLASS SHIP-OF-THE LINE (118 guns), ENGLISH/FRENCH, EARLY 19TH CENTURY, the pinned and planked hull with horn strakes, three masts with standing and running rigging, horse-shoe shaped stern with stern board carved decoration and balustrading, beakhead with carved female figurehead, deck with capstan, belaying rails, water barrels, ships bell in canopy, deck gratings and metal cannon on carriages, mounted on rectangular straw work base, on mahogany base under glass dome, the model 34cm (length), 13cm (width), 25 cm (height) , the display case 12 by 14in (30.5 by 35.5cm)
Provenance Langford Marine and hence to the present vendor (Bonhams, London, 11 November 2020).
Bonhams:Estimate: £ 15,000 - 20,000; € 18,000 - 24,000
€ 18,000 - 24,000; 27 October 2021; London
1 A PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF A 90-GUN SHIP-OF-THE-LINE, FRENCH, EARLY 19TH CENTURY
the three-masted vessel with standing and running rigging, pinned and planked hull with horn strakes and red painted gun ports, retractable brass cannon operated by strings and toggles at the stern, three long boats on davits, carved and polychromed warrior figurehead, deck details include belaying rails capstan, water barrels stove pipes, gratings bell canopy and companionways, on rectangular parquetry wood stand, the model 30.5cm x 43cm x 13cm, together with a collection of correspondence relating to the provenance dated 1891 and later restoration invoices, in later glazed display case,
37cm x 56cm x 23cm cased
Footnotes
"From beef-bones of captivity/ The shapely hull was made/ Whose making helped upon their way/ Such limping hours and slow/ As measured out the leaden day/ That none but prisoners know"
- Ode to a Prisoner of War Bone Ship Model

The present lot was likely to have been made by a French prisoner-of-war in an English prison after the Battle of Trafalgar on the 21st October 1805. The model is constructed using delicately carved and sewn beef-bones. Such bones would have been collected from a prisoner's rations of half a pound of meat per day, and subsequently carved. After completion, bone models would have been offered in regular markets held within the prison, and attended by local townsfolk. As many Napoleonic prisoners were conscripts, some would have been highly skilled carvers and craftsmen.
Bonhams: Estimate: £8,000 - £12,000; 27 April 2022 1 A Finely Detailed Prisoner-Of-War Bone Model of a British Second-Rate Ship of the Line, French, early 19th century,
the three-masted model with standing and running rigging, pinned and planked hull with galleries stern, red painted gun ports, horn strakes and carved and polychromed warrior figurehead, deck details include metal guns on bone carriages, capstan, stove pipes, water barrels, companionway and deck house, mounted on octagonal straw-work marquetry case with bone balustrades, surround and raised on four squat feet, the model 19cm x 21.5cm x 6.5cm, in modern glazed display case,
10in x 11in x 5in (25.5cm x 28cm x 13cm) cased
Footnotes
Provenance:
Ex-Lot 100, Collection Claude Vérité, Christie's, Paris, 24 June 2014.

One possible identification for the present model is the HMS Northumberland, the vessel launched in 1798 which transported the Emperor Napoleon to his final Exile on St Helena in August 1815. The Northumberland had a similar figurehead and two and a half decks, as with the present model. The Northumberland also held up to 84 cannons (as does this model) despite being classified as a 74 gun ship, thanks to the guns attached to the upper deck handrails. Such firepower was less than that of a First-Rate, but within the capabilities of an elongated Second-Rate. In 2014 the model had a label to the base identifying the ship as the Northumberland.

Prisoner of War pontoon models were made by French prisoners of war during the First Coalition and the Napoleonic Wars (1792-1815). The models were mainly made from the leftover bones of their food ration, constructed from memory rather than formal ship plans. The prisoners were interned on de-rigged war ships, so-called 'Hulks', which were anchored off the south coast of England. The small works of art were used as exchange objects, Later English Captains also ordered models of their ships. The execution of the models was carried out with a lot of imagination because it was not possible to work according to shipyard plans. Usually several prisoners got together and each specialized in certain tasks. Estimates are based on a total of about 300 manufactured models, half of which have been preserved today.

Among the finely carved details of the present model is the figurehead of a warrior clutching his shield. Similar figureheads could be found on the French ships of the line "Apollon" and "Achille".

The Ship of the line was among the most prominent naval warship designs in use from the 17th century onwards. Such ships were particularly suited to the popular ship-of-the-line tactic, which comprised a column of ships firing their broadside cannons against their foe. The tactic favoured ships with the most cannons, culminating with the 19th century HMS Victoria which had over 120 guns. With the application of steam power in the mid-19th century, use of the Ship of the line declined sharply.
Christie's Maritime 1 November 2001 Lot 194 1 A fine early 19th Century French prisoner of war bone and horn model of a 56 gun ship 47 X 63,5 cm
Bonhams Science and Marine21 March 2007 Lot 229 1 A bone prisoner of war model of First Rate warship 30,5 X 12 X 25,5 cm.
Bonhams Science and Marine 21 March 2007 Lot 230 1 A fine bone prisoner of war model of a three deck ship 19 X 14 X 21,5 cm
Christie's Maritime Models 16 May 2007 Lot 239 1 A finely restored early 19th century napoleonic french prisoner of war model of a second rate 90 gun ship of the line 84 X 99 cm.
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £18,000 ; 17 July 2008 ; London ; Lot 117 1 A finely detailed and well presented early 19th century napoleonic french prisoner of war bone and baleen model of a 80 gun ship second rate of the line 23 X28 cm.
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £21,600 ; 29 April 2009 ; London ; Lot 283 1 A finely detailed Napoleonic prisoner of war bone and baleen model of an 80 gun third rate ship of the line, contained within a mirror lined straw work display case of large size 25,5 X 30,5 cm.
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £12,000 ; 21 October 2009 ; London ; Lot 286 1 An early 19th century Napoleonic French prisoner of war model of the H.M.S. CIBELLE28 X 36 cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £18,000 ; 21 October 2009 ; London ; Lot 287 1 A finely carved early 19th century Napoleonic French prisoner of war bone model of the 104 gun 1st rate ship-of-the-line 30 X 31,7 cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £9600 ; 28 April 2010 ; London ; Lot 241 1 A FINE MINIATURE NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-0F-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF AN 80-GUN THIRD RATE SHIPOF-THE-LINE 24 x 27 x 12.5cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £3360 ; 28 April 2010 ; London ; Lot 242 1 A MINIATURE EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN SHIP MODEL 12.5 x 18cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £14,400 ; 27 October 2010 ; London ; Lot 312 1 A finely restored early 19th century Napoleonic French prisoner-of-war bone and baleen model of the 90 gun 2nd rate ship-of-the-line 40,5 X 53,4 cm.
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £13,200 ; 27 October 2010 ; London ; Lot 314 1 A finely restored early 19th century Napoleonic French prisoner-of-war bone and baleen model of the 100 gun 1st rate ship-of-the-line28 X 30,5 cm.
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £12,000 ; 20 April 2011 ; London ; Lot 276 1 A FINE NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF THE 100-GUN FIRST RATE OCEAN 30.5 x 33 x 15cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £7,200 ; 20 April 2011 ; London ; Lot 277 1 An early 19th century Napoleonic French prisoner of war bone and baleen model of a 100 gun ship 46 X 46 cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £14,400 ; 20 April 2011 ; London ; Lot 282 1 An early 19th century Napoleonic French prisoner of war bone and baleen model of a 74 gun ship 58,5 X 58,5 X 21,5 cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £24,000 ; 20 April 2011 ; London ; Lot 283 1 An early 19th century Napoleonic French prisoner of war bone and baleen model of the 74 gun frigate H.M.S. MARS 54,5 X 75 X 28 cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £3,000 ; 26 October 2011 ; London ; Lot 250 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF AN 80-GUN 2ND-RATE SHIP-OF-THE-LINE 25.5 x 30.5cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £27,600 ; 26 October 2011 ; London ; Lot 257 1 A FINELY-CARVED AND DETAILED, LARGE BONE AND BALEEN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR MODEL OF A 100-GUN FIRST RATE SHIP OF THE LINE 48 x 61cm *)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £4,560 ; 25 April 2012 ; London ; Lot 260 1 A FINELY-RESTORED, WELL-PRESENTED AND DETAILED FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONEROF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN SHIP MODEL OF A 100-GUN FIRST RATE SHIP OF THE LINE 21.5 x 21 x 8cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £4,200 ; 25 April 2012 ; London ; Lot 270 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL OF THE THIRD-RATE SHIP OF THE LINE WARRIOR 30.5 x 38cm
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £1,920 ; 31 October 2012 ; London ; Lot 263 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF A FIRST RATE SHIP OF THE LINE 
with planked and pinned hull, polychrome figurehead and guns run out of ports, mounted on original wood and bone base (unrigged, missing parts, dust), together with a quantity of associated bone components, base diameter -- 8in. (20.3cm.)
with carved 3-inch long hull, ebony wales, guns with open gun ports, warrior-form figurehead, carved stern and quarter galleries, simple deck fittings, fully rigged masts, yards and stun's'l booms with bone blocks, mounted on a bone base secured to ebonised case with glazed cover -- 5¼in. (13.3cm.) square
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £12,000 ; 31 October 2012 ; London ; Lot 266 1 A FINELY-CARVED AND DETAILED EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL FOR A 74-GUN THIRD RATE SHIP OF THE LINE
the 13in. planked and pinned hull with fretwork and gold leaf main wale, retractable guns with stern cords and red-painted port lids, warrior-form figurehead, balustrade stern with quarter galleries, deck details including capstan, casks, fretted hammock racks, well deck, bitts, deck lights, bound masts with yards, stun's'l booms, standing rigging with deadeyes and chain plates, running rigging with blocks and two long boats, mounted on planked bone base secured within glazed wooden case with provenance plaque. Overall measurements -- 22 x 27½ x 11½in. (56 x 70 x 29cm.)
Provenance: Princess Eugene's Collection
Charles Miller Maritime Models: no sale ; 31 October 2012 ; London ; Lot 267 1 A WELL-PRESENTED BONE AND BALEEN NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR SHIP MODEL
with 12in. planked and pinned hull, sprung guns operated via stern cords, brass anchors with bone stocks, carved figurehead, stern and quarter galleries, the deck with baleen to centre, polished guns in trucks, deck rings, casks, belfry, capstan, wooden long boats, bound masts with yards, stun's'l booms, standing and running rigging with bone blocks and deadeyes, mounted on contemporary parquetry bone and wood base with balustrade. Overall measurements -- 17 x 21in. (43 x 53.3cm.) 
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £6,000 ; 1 May 2013 ; London ; Lot 291 1 A FINELY RESTORED EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL FOR A 74-GUN SHIP
the 6½in. planked and pinned hull with baleen main and secondary wale, brass guns with red painted port lids, finely-carved stern and quarter galleries, warrior form figurehead with pierced head rails, chain plates and deadeyes, metal anchors with bound bone stocks, the deck with details including deck rings, belaying rails, capstan, belfry, water casks, balustrade well decking, gratings, cannon in stepped bone carriages, poop deck with raised deck light etc., bound masts with standing and running rigging, with bone blocks supporting two ship's boats between fore and main masts, yards with s'tuns'l booms and foot ropes, mounted on bone stands to bone-trim display board within brass-bound glazed case. Overall measurements including case -- 13½ x 14½ x 6½in. (34.3 x 37 x 16.5cm.)
the planked and pinned hull with brass cannon, ornately carved figurehead, stern and quarter lights, brass Georgian-pattern anchors with bound bone stocks, chain plates and deadeyes, planed deck with capstan, water barrels, cleats, stove pipes, belfry, stacked boats in well deck, companionways, deck lights, bound masts with yards, s'tuns'l booms and streamer, mounted on a planked bone and baleen base with balustrade. Measurements overall -- 23½ x 27in. (59.5 x 68.5cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £3,800 ; 1 May 2013 ; London ; Lot 293 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF THE 74-GUN FRIGATE LE BRAVE
with 7in. planked and pinned hull, protruding brass guns with red port lids, painted main wale, polychrome and gilt warrior figurehead, named stern and quarter lights, scored deck with fittings including belaying rails, grating, well deck, companionways, bound masts with yards, s'tuns'l booms with standing and running rigging and painted paper flags at tops of fore and main masts, secured to ebonised paper-lined display base with bone trim and inscribed in ink on the underside Catherine Parker / The Gift of Captain Atkins, set within later display base with glazed dome. Overall measurements -- 10½ x 14in. (26.5 x 35.5cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £18,000 ; 1 May 2013 ; London ; Lot 294 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH-CENTURY FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL OF THE 4TH-RATE 50-GUN SHIP JUPITER
the 15in. planked and pinned hull with baleen main and secondary wales, bulwark capping and central deck strake, retractable brass guns with red-painted muzzles, finely carved bone figurehead in the form of a crowned Jupiter, carved and named stern, quarter lights, deck fittings including capstan, water casks, stove pipe, belfry with brass bell, well deck, belaying rails, gratings, companionways, deck lights, chicken coops etc., bound masts with yards, s'tuns'l booms, standing and running rigging with long boat suspended from main brace and other details, mounted on wooden brackets attached to display base. Overall model measurements -- 19½ x 28in. (49.5 x 71cm.); display base -- 34¼ x 12¼in. (87 x 31cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £ 7,000 ; 30 Apr 2014 ; London ; Lot 304 1 A WELL PRESENTED EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL FOR A THREE-DECK SHIP OF THE LINE
with planked and pinned hull with retractable guns with gun port lids, finely carved warrior-form figurehead and stern and quarter lights, chain plates with pierced deadeyes, brass anchors with bone stocks, deck with details including belaying rails, cleats, capstan, stovepipes, belfry with bell, decorative hammock nets, gratings, companionway, saloon light etc., with three bound masts with standing and running rigging, yards with s'tuns'l booms, blocks and tackle, mounted on inlaid marquetry base with wood-capped bone balustrade, on pierced bone plinth within early 19th-Century glazed wooden case with inset top handle -- measurements overall 14¼ x 15½ x 8½in. (36.2 x 39.5 x 21.5cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: no sale ; 30 Apr 2014 ; London ; Lot 305 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN SHIP MODEL FOR A 100-GUN SHIP
the planked and pinned hull with baleen wales, brass guns with red port lids, polychrome figurehead and transom, brass anchors with bound bone stocks, scored deck with fittings including belaying rails, water barrels, well deck, belfry, guns in stepped bone carriages, companionways, deck light and other details; bound masts, yards with s'tuns'l booms, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, mounted within polychromed strawwork display case with six-panel mirrored back, hinged doors and brass top handle. Cased measurements -- 11¾ x 15 x 6in. (30 x 38 x 15cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: no sale ; 30 Apr 2014 ; London ; Lot 310 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL FOR AN 80-GUN SHIP
the planked and pinned hull with baleen wales, brass guns with red port lids, catheads with brass and bone anchors, carved warrior figurehead, head rails, stern and quarter galleries, scored deck with fittings including belaying rails, capstan, stove pipe, belfry, well deck with gratings, companionways, deck lights, guns in stepped trucks and other details; bound masts, ebonised yards with bone s'tuns'l booms, standing and running rigging with bone blocks, mounted on a plush-topped bone-edged display base with legend, secured within a glazed case. Model measurements -- 12 x 14in. (30.5 x 35.5cm.); cased measurements -- 14½ x 18 x 7½in. (37 x 46 x 19cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: no sale ; 30 Apr 2014 ; London ; Lot 312 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL FOR AN 80-GUN SHIP
the hull carved from plugged shin bone and pierced for brass guns with port lids, carved figurehead and stern galleries, catheads with brass anchors, deck with details including capstan, water barrels, well deck with pierced balustrade, gratings, belfry, companionways, saloon lights, coops etc; the mast with yards, standing and running rigging, mounted on strawwork base inset to raised plush base within glazed mahogany case (wear and damages to masts and rigging, glass cracked). Model measurements -- 6 x 9in. (15 x 23cm.); case -- 10½ x 18 x 9in. (27 x 46 x 23cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £ 9,000 ; 29 October 2014 ; London ; Lot 249 1 AN ATTRACTIVE AND FINELY RESTORED EARLY 19TH-CENTURY FRENCH NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP
MODEL
Charles Miller Maritime Models: no sale; 29 October 2014 ; London ; Lot 250 1 AN EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN SHIP MODEL FOR A 100-GUN SHIP
Charles Miller Maritime Models: no sale; 29 October 2014 ; London ; Lot 251 1 A FINE EARLY 19TH-CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE AND BALEEN MODEL FOR AN 80-GUN SHIP
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £8,000; 29 October 2014 ; London ; Lot 252 1 A LARGE, FINELY DETAILED AND WELL PRESENTED BONE AND BALEEN NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR-STYLE SHIP MODEL FOR A 38-GUN FRIGATE
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £48,000; 30 April 2019 ; London ; Lot 261 1 A LARGE, FINELY CARVED AND WELL-PRESENTED EARLY 19TH CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL FOR A FIRST RATE SHIP OF THE LINE TRADITIONALLY IDENTIFIED AS H.M.S. CALEDONIA
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £2,200 ; 5 November 2019 ; London ; Lot 308 1 AN EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR WOOD AND BONE SHIP MODEL FOR A 74-GUN FRIGATE
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £18,000; 27 April 2021; London ; Lot 194 1 A FINE FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL FOR H.M.S. CALEDONIA
Charles Miller Maritime Models: £5,000; 27 April 2021; London ; Lot 225 1 AN ATTRACTIVE EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH, NAPOLEONIC PRISONER OF WAR, BONE SHIP MODEL FOR A FIRST-RATE SHIP OF THE LINE
Charles Miller Maritime Models: Estimate £4,000 - £6,000; 2 November 2021; London ; Lot 170 1 A NAPOLEONIC PRISONER OF WAR STYLE LAUNCHING MODEL FOR THE 74-GUN SHIP 'ORION'
Charles Miller Maritime Models: Estimate £40,000 - £60,000; 2 November 2021; London ; Lot 181 1 A FINE AND EXCEPTIONALLY LARGE, EARLY 19TH CENTURY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL FOR A FIRST-RATE SHIP OF THE LINE
Charles Miller Maritime Models: Estimate £2,500-3,500; 28 April 2022; London ; Lot 191 1 AN EARLY NAPOLEONIC FRENCH PRISONER OF WAR BONE SHIP MODEL with 15in. hull, planked and pinned with carved figurehead and protruding guns, bone decks with details including capstan, carved well deck and balustrade, bitts, deck rings, companionways, saloon lights, bound masts with standing and running rigging, mounted to display base in glazed woodbound case, cased dimensions — 23 x 30 x 11in. (58.5 x 76 x 28cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: Estimate £8,000-12,000; 1 November 2022; London ; Lot 136 1 A FINE AND HIGHLY ORIGINAL FULLY RIGGED FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONER OF WAR MINIATURE SHIP MODEL FOR A FIRST-RATE SHIP OF THE LINE.
the 3½in. hull carved from shin bone and pierced for three decks of brass guns with red-painted port lids, carved head and stern galleries, plain decks with simple fittings, bound masts with yards, original standing and running rigging with full suit of lined paper sails, mounted on bone display base with penwork decoration within straw work case with pink silk ‘curtains’, back and end mirrors, drop glazed front enclosed with straw work doors, the top with carved bone finials, knobs and feet. Overall -- 7¼ x 8½ x 4in. (18.5 x 21.5 x 10cm.)
Charles Miller Maritime Models: Estimate £400-600; 1 November 2022; London ; Lot 141 1 A PARTIALLY-RESTORED FRENCH NAPOLEONIC PRISONER OF WAR BONE MODEL FOR A FIRST-RATE SHIP OF THE LINE, CIRCA 1800. the 8in. planked and pinned hull with retractable guns, carved stern, contrasting deck with simple fittings, cut-away masts with standing rigging, contained in glazed wooden case -- 8 x 15in. (20 x 38cm.); together with a small sailor work model in case
Charles Miller Maritime Models: Estimate £5,000-8,000; 1 November 2022; London ; Lot 166 1 AN EARLY 19TH CENTURY FRENCH BONE P.O.W. MODEL FOR A 74-GUN SHIP ‘DEFIANCE’. the 10in. carved hull planked and pinned in bone with horn wales, guns with red painted port lids, carved male figurehead, carved stern and quarter galleries, deck with bone fittings as appropriate including stove pipe gratings, two ship’s boats over the well deck and other details, bound mast with standing and running rigging with bone blocks, mounted on wooden bone stand, loosely contained in wooden glazed case with bun feet -- 20 x 24 x 11½ (51 x 61 x 29cm.)
KENDZIA, Hamburg: 3,900 € sold; 20 May 2022;3,000 € estimate 1 KLEINES NAPOLEONISCHES POW (PRISONER OF WAR) KNOCHENSCHIFF "LE BRAVE" (LINIENSCHIFF) IN GLASSTURZ, 27X36X21CM (HÖHE MIT GLASSTURZ)
Bolland & Marotz, Bremen: 7500 € estimate; 22 September 2018 1 Frigate, 1 gun deck, 50 guns, ca. 67 x 77 cm; monochrome figurehead of a female
Duane Merrill & Company: $8,400 ; 28 May 2011 ; Milton, VT , USA 1
Duane Merrill & Company: $35,200 ; 27 June 2009 ; Milton, VT , USA 1 French prisoner of war 120-gun bone ship model of Le Majestaeux
ebay: £2,800 ; 14 June 2011 ; Item location: Tregony. Cornwall, UK 1 Bone Model Ship Napoleonic French Prisoner of War 
Rafael Osona Auctions 13
Sotheby's, New York offered on May 18th, 2004  1 George III prisoner of war bone ship model, circa 1810, rigged forty-eight gun man of war, said to be 'The Sovereign of the Seas,' overall 50.8 cm by 58.4 cm, 57.2 cm by 67.9 cm
 
WEST SEA COMPANY, San Diego CA , USA 1 Genuine turn of the 19th century (circa 1800) ship model constructed by French prisoners, 96 gun ship of the line, the model itself measures 10 inches long overall and 9 1/2 inches high. It is housed in an antique Georgian domed glass case on a crotch mahogany base 13 1/2 inches long and 14 inches high.   
 
CRN Auctions, Cambridge, MA, USA 1 NAPOLEONIC 80-GUN PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL
HAP MOORE ANTIQUES: $12,320 ; 21 March 2009 ; York, Maine, USA 1 Napoleonic Prisoner of War bone ship model of the H.M.S. Glory.
Kenneth W. van Blarcom Auctions: $9,625.00 ; 7 September 1997 ; South Nattic, MA, USA 1 Prisoner of war bone ship model depicting a fully rigged man of war type ship having British flag, in elaborate ivory footed and mounted fine quill work glazed cabinet with urn finials, French, circa 1800-1825. Overall size: Height: 12 Length: 13 1/2 Depth
Hartleys Auctions: £2,700 ; 9 September 2009 ; Ilkley, UK 1 A BONE SCALE MODEL OF A SAIL SHIP, 19th century, possibly French Prisoner of War, the three masted forty six gun ship with carved figurehead, planked and pinned hull and baleen gun whales, 16"" wide, in glazed ebonised case
LAPADA THE ASSOCIATION OF ART & ANTIQUES DEALERS:  £22,000 ; on sale ; London  1 A fine early 19th Century Napoleonic French prisoner of war bone and baleen model of H.M.S. Ocean 31.75 cm wide  29.21 cm high  14.60 cm deep
The Thomson Collection © Art Gallery of Ontario Miniature 1 Miniature Prisoner of War Ship Model, Great Britain, probably made by French sailors, between 1795 and 1815, 
bone, wood, boxwood, ivory, paper, 23.6 x 8.4 x 27.9 cm, The Thomson Collection © Art Gallery of Ontario
Fartygsmagasinet i Stockholm AB, Stockholm, Sweden  1 A very fine and detailed early 19th century prisoner-of-war bone model of a 98-gun ship-of-the-line. Mounted in wooden carrying case applied with 
coloured straw, also made by prisoners-of-war. Furnished with mirrored back panel to inspect the far side of the model. Minor defects. 
Size (case): 27*21*10cm
Camberwell Books & Collectibles, Hawthorn East VIC, Australia  1 French Prisoner-of-War Bone Model of a Fishing Botter
Eldred's Auction Gallery: $16,000.00; 22 July 2010 ; East Dennis,  MA 02641; Lot 326 1 SHADOW BOX PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE MODEL OF AN 18TH CENTURY WARSHIP 19th Century
Eldred's Auction Gallery: $29,000.00; 18-19 July 2013 ; East Dennis,  MA 02641; Lot 235 1 CASED NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR BONE SHIP MODEL Early 19th Century
 
Eldred's Auction Gallery: $25,000.00; 18-19 July 2013 ; East Dennis,  MA 02641; Lot 245 1 EXCEPTIONAL NAPOLEONIC PRISONER-OF-WAR MODEL OF A WARSHIP Early 19th Century
Thomaston Place AUCTION Galleries, Thomaston, Maine, USA; 11 February 2017; $14,000 ;
1 Napoleonic Era Warship Model made by French POW in ivory and baleen, depicting a 54 gun Ship of the Line, circa 1800. With planked and pinned hull, carved stern and quarter galleries, figurehead, two long boats, both anchors, figure on deck, three fully rigged masts and bowsprit, mounted on an inlaid marquetry wood base. In a mahogany and glass case. The ship itself is 15" x 18" x 3- 1/2", the case is 20" x 22" x 8- 1/4". Fine condition. NOTE: Features spring-loaded retracting cannon, actuated by chains coming from stern.
liveauctioneers; December 15th, 2012; $15,000.00 1 Napoleonic Prisoner of War bone ship model: 19th c., "H.M.S. Canada", 1765, nicely detailed rigging on original inlaid wood base, in custom glass paneled showcase, 14.75"h x 20.5"l x 5.5"d (model), 25.5"h x 36.75"l x 12.75"d (case) - Condition Report: overall good, minor distress commensurate with age, inlay/veneer loss, discoloration to ivory, restorations, rigging good - Provenance: The Estate of actor Cliff Robertson, NY
James D. Julia, Auctioneers; February 9th & 10th, 2017 1 NAPOLEONIC WAR PRISONER OF WAR BONE SHIP MODEL OF THE H.M. FRIGATE “SIBYLLE”.
The all bone carved model depicting the three-mast 40-gun ship with all it’s rigging and accessories. Mounted to a block of wood surrounded by a four post bone surround. The whole mounted on a walnut slab with four small ivory feet and having a painted presentation plaque. A modern metal edged & glass presentation case. SIZE: Boat: 9-1/4″ h x 11-1/2″ l. Case: 12-1/2″ h x 16-1/2″ w x 7″ d. PROVENANCE: From a Maine/Texas estate being sold unreserved. 
James D. Julia, Auctioneers; February 8 & 9, 2018 1 NAPOLEONIC PRISONER OF WAR BONE MODEL OF A 48 GUN FRIGATE.
1st quarter 19th century, England. This small model most likely made by French prisoners during the Napoleonic Wars while captive in Great Britain. Mounted in a domed glass case. The 3-masted frigate with planked bone decking and hull of pinned construction mounted with 48 guns on two decks. Model made with twisted silk or baleen strung rigging with well detailed fantail and female figurehead. Note: The war between Napoleon’s French Navy and the naval forces of England lasted so long that the captured French prisoners had to find ways to pass the time. Although the British did not treat them as convicts, they were confined to prison hulks, old castles or purpose built prison camps such as Dartmoor. Their captors encouraged the prisoners to form their own groups or guilds to produce small objects of art to sell in the camp’s civilian markets. Among the most popular were ship models that they created representing British naval ships of the period. French prisoners of war obtained beef and mutton bones from the food rations issued to them. After gathering bones for use in model building, prisoners boiled the bones and bleached them in the sun, to make the bones easier to shape and carve. In addition to cattle and mutton bones, prisoners made use of their own hair to fashion sail rigging, and tissue paper to create sails. SIZE: Model: 14″ h x 15-1/2″ l. Dome: 16-1/2″ h x 17-3/4″ l x 8″ approx. w. PROVENANCE: Contents of a lifetime collection “Brook Crossing,” South Pomfret, VT. CONDITION: Glass dome and velvet covered base original and in good condition. The model is sound. Rigging generally complete. One area of rigging in disrepair on main mast beneath top gallant spar. Generally very good overall. 
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*) with planked hull, baleen wales, retractable guns in gun ports with red-painted lids, finely carved stern and quarter galleries and polychrome figurehead, suite of fitted ship’s boats, bound masts with standing and running rigging, mounted on original planked bone base with red-painted wood-capped balustrade (overall wear, loose parts and dust). Overall measurements -- 19 x 24in. (48 x 61cm.)